By J. Charles Schencking

This booklet explores the political emergence of the Imperial eastern military among 1868 and 1922. It essentially demanding situations the preferred idea that the army was once a 'silent,' apolitical provider. Politics, relatively budgetary politics, turned the first family focus—if now not the overriding preoccupation—of Japan's admirals within the prewar interval. This examine convincingly demonstrates that because the eastern polity broadened after 1890, army leaders accelerated their political actions to safe appropriations commensurate with the production of a world-class blue-water fleet.The navy's subtle political efforts incorporated lobbying oligarchs, coercing cupboard ministers, forging alliances with political events, occupying out of the country territories, engaging in well-orchestrated naval pageants, and launching lively propaganda campaigns. those efforts succeeded: by means of 1921 naval expenses equaled approximately 32 percentage of the country's overall finances, making Japan the world's third-largest maritime strength. The military, as this e-book info, made waves at sea and on shore, and in doing so considerably altered the kingdom, society, politics, and empire in prewar Japan.

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Additional info for Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, and the Emergence of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922

Sample text

9 Thus, after ¯ kubo, Iwakura, government forces crushed the rebellion, such men as O Kuroda, and Ijichi correctly assumed that rebuilding their clan’s position in the army via appointments would be much more difficult than expanding on what Kawamura had already established in the navy. Many Satsuma officials therefore agreed that the best course of action would be to focus their energies and efforts on expanding Satsuma influence and power almost exclusively within the navy. They did this with considerable help from Kawamura, who after the rebellion found himself in an even stronger position to further Satsuma interests.

From this position, Kabayama rose rapidly within the army, gaining valuable combat experience in both the Taiwan Expedition of 1874 and the Satsuma Rebellion of 1877. As a result of his performance in the latter, Kabayama became chief of staff of the Imperial Guard in 1878. 12 Though he had attained the rank of major general within the army, Kabayama transferred to the navy in 1883 at the urging of Kawamura and other Satsuma leader, Saigo ¯ Tsugumichi, and assumed the rank of rear admiral. Adding to his illustrious political portfolio, Kabayama also assumed the position of vice navy minister, a significant feat for someone who had never served on, let alone commanded, a warship or served in any capacity within the navy.

He later served as army minister, held a post on the army general staff, and moreover served as commander of the Imperial Guard. Saigo¯’s path into the navy differed from Kabayama’s, however, in that Saigo¯ became a state councilor in 1881 and served as minister of agriculture and commerce from then until 1884. A year later, owing to the status he gained and the influence he possessed as a civilian minister, Saigo¯ transferred to the navy at the request of Kawamura and Iwakura, and he assumed the position of navy minister.

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