By Andrew Spencer
This booklet argues (a) that there's no principled approach to distinguish inflection and derivation and (b) that this fatally undermines traditional techniques to morphology. Conceptual shortcomings within the relation among derivational and lexically-derived note types, Andrew Spencer indicates, name into query the root of the inferential-derivational method.
Prototypical situations of inflection and derivation are separated by means of a number of intermediate different types of lexical relatedness, a few mentioned within the literature, others overlooked. faraway from discovering those a humiliation Professor Spencer deploys the wealth of sorts of relatedness in quite a few languages (including Slavic, Uralic, Australian, Germanic, and Romance) to enhance an enriched and morphologically-informed version of the lexical access. He then makes use of this to construct the rules for a version of lexical relatedness that's in line with paradigm-based versions.
Lexical Relatedness is a profound and stimulating ebook. it is going to curiosity all morphologists, lexicographers, and theoretical linguists extra commonly.
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Additional resources for Lexical Relatedness
The noun idea lacks a quale of size, so we are obliged to interpret big idea in a different way from the way in which we interpret expressions such as big elephant/mouse. Likewise, we can ascribe a property of ‘ﬂawed’ to an analysis, in which case we are taking a highly abstract Thing, an analysis, and describing it by claiming that it doesn’t work. A complete description of the kind that would justify uttering This is a ﬂawed analysis would, of course, be rather more complex than anything corresponding to an utterance of This elephant is small and would involve interpreting the notions ‘Property’ and ‘Thing’ in a manner that is reminiscent of coercion, but this seems to be the way that English pictures such situations, so we ought to have a descriptive semantic framework that allows us to capture that fact.
Before we consider these assumptions, I shall spell out the nature of the representation in a little more detail. I begin with the semantic representation, then discuss the notion of phonological form, and ﬁnally turn to the syntactic representation. 2 Semantic representations of lexemes The most controversial aspect of any lexical representation is likely to be the SEMANTIC component of the representation. So far I have given a very approximate 28 Lexical relatedness indication of what a semantic representation might include.
I close with discussion of derivational morphology in PFM and the notion of paradigmatic word formation generally. In the second chapter of Part II, Chapter 5, I offer a generalization of Stump’s notion of paradigm function, the generalized paradigm function (GPF). I take the function to be deﬁned over all four attributes of the lexical entry, FORM, SYN, SEM, and LI, and hence to be an ensemble of four independent functions. In the case of vanilla inﬂectional morphology, the GPF applies trivially to the SYN, SEM, and LI attributes, and introduces no change.