By Satyabrata Rai Chowdhuri

Leftism in India, 1917-1947 presents a accomplished account of the Leftist hobbies in India in the course of the such a lot decisive section of its fight for freedom and describes how they interacted with the mainstream of the Indian freedom stream below the management of the Indian nationwide Congress, guided via Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and his ideology of non-violence. This ideology at once adversarial those that believed in Marxism-Leninism and, little ask yourself, their rules clashed at virtually each level of the liberty flow. those clashes gave upward push to dramatic advancements that are vividly defined during this paintings. each one such improvement has been highlighted in its right context, analysed with scholarly objectivity and supported through fundamental resource fabrics accrued not just from the Indian nationwide information but additionally from Berlin, Paris, London, Mexico, Moscow and Tashkent.

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It] supports to the full the conquests of the great proletarian revolution in Russia, the first victorious socialist revolution in the world history, and calls Ideologies and Orientations 39 on the proletariat of the entire world to take the same path . . [it] undertakes to support every Soviet Republic, wherever it may be formed . . [it] must, in fact and deed, be a single Communist Party of the entire world. ’15 The First Congress of the Communist International, held in March 1919, issued a manifesto to the proletariat of the whole world and proclaimed its programme for the emancipation of the colonial countries.

The war had strikingly exposed India’s industrial backwardness and made the Government realize that industrialization was important not only from the economic point of view but also for political and military considerations. From the political point of view, it was essential for the Government to secure the cooperation of the Indian bourgeoisie and for this purpose it was necessary to make certain concessions to them in the economic field. From the military point of view it was also realized that without some sort of industrial base in India there would always be the danger of exclusive dependence for vital military needs on long-distance overseas supplies.

N. Roy attempted to interpret the contemporary Indian situation by using the laws of the historical development of society set forth by Marx. He pointed out that India had passed through different stages of social evolution analogous to those in the West, although as a result of variable physical and climatic conditions, slavery, feudalism and even capitalism had assumed somewhat modified forms. Rejecting the theory, then widely prevalent among a section of Marxists, that India’s socio-economic structure was feudal in character, Roy observed that the prevailing Indian condition was characterized by the rising bourgeoisie which, allowed only a little participation in the economic opportunities opened up by the growing industrialization of the country, had started political agitation against British rule in India.

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