By Louis H. Feldman, Gohei Hata

Show description

Read Online or Download Josephus, Judaism and Christianity PDF

Best judaism books

What We Talk about When We Talk about Anne Frank

From the up-and-coming younger American author who has contributed to McSweeney's and written for the recent Yorker comes a masterful selection of brief tales that has already got rave studies from the various so much well-known writers operating at the present time. the various tales are comedian masterpieces, a few include as darkish a imaginative and prescient of the universe as you will definitely come upon, and them all exhibit a author grappling with the good questions of contemporary lifestyles.

Responses to Suffering in Classical Rabbinic Literature

The lifestyles of anguish poses an visible challenge for the monotheistic religions. Why does an omnipotent, benevolent God enable people to undergo? And provided that God does, what's the applicable human reaction? nowa days Jewish theologians particularly, confronted with the enormity of the Holocaust, have struggled to return to grips with those matters.

Israeli Culture in Perspective

###############################################################################################################################################################################################################################################################

The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History

In 1880 the Jewish group in Palestine encompassed a few 20,000 Orthodox Jews; inside sixty-five years it was once remodeled right into a secular proto-state with well-developed political, army, and financial associations, a energetic Hebrew-language tradition, and a few 600,000 population. The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary background chronicles the making of recent Israel ahead of statehood, supplying in English the texts of unique resources (many translated from Hebrew and different languages) followed by way of huge introductions and commentaries from the quantity editors.

Additional resources for Josephus, Judaism and Christianity

Sample text

Here Josephus follows the Peripatetic tradition (exemplified, incidentally, by Nicolaus of Damascus, his major source for much of the second half of the Antiquities), which presented history as the biography of great men. This is, moreover, in line with his downgrading of the role of God in directing human action. We may note a similar tendency to build up biblical heroes, notably Moses, in such Helle­ nistic Jewish writers as Aristeas (in his Letter), Artapanus, Ezekiel the trage­ dian, Philo the Elder, and Philo the philosopher.

FELDMAN We may express surprise, as does Professor Smith, that there are no direct references in Josephus to astrology, though we may note that Josephus does mention (BJ VI, 289), as a portent of the forthcoming destruction of the Temple, a star resembling a sword, which stood over the city of Jerusalem, and a comet, which continued for a year. The lack of a direct reference to astrology is all the more surprising when we note that notwithstanding the statement of the third-century Rabbi Johanan (Shabbath 156a) that there is no planet (mazal) for Israel, we find the remarks of Rabbi Hanina bar Hama (early third century) (Shabbath 156a) that there are planets for Israel, as well as the formulation of rules of health and agriculture by the third-century Mar Samuel (Shabbath 129b, Eruvin 56a) based on astrology, and the refusal of the fourth-century Rabbi Joseph ben rjiyya (Berakhoth 64a) to accept an appoint­ ment as head of a yeshiva because of the warnings of Chaldean astrologers.

4; II, 40. 3; II, 74. 5; III, 36. 5), Lucian (Quomodo Historia Conscribenda Sit 10), and Pliny (Natural History VIII, 18), leaving it to the reader to believe or not believe them, as an expression, presumably, of Josephus' courtesy and tolerance. We may note, for example, that Josephus, as much as he might have liked to exaggerate Samson's exploits in order to build up his stature as a hero, is careful to omit miraculous and magical elements. Thus, whereas the Bible (Judg. 16:9) declares that Samson broke the bowstrings binding him "as a string of tow snaps when it touches the fire," Josephus omits the miraculous element, and we are left with the statement (A V, 310) that Samson burst the bowstrings (twigs) asunder.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.59 of 5 – based on 22 votes