By Judit Targarona Borras, Angel Saenz-Badillos

In July of 1998, the eu organization for Jewish experiences celebrated its 6th congress, with nearly four hundred members. In those lawsuits, 169 papers and communications learn throughout the convention were accumulated. they target to supply a large, sensible viewpoint at the advances, achievements and anxieties of Judaic experiences on the flip of the 20 th century, at the eve of the hot millennium.

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He ascribed certain properties to all human language that were common to the languages he compared, and made inferences from these findings about the universality of language. He was not only the first but practically the only Hebrew grammarian to do so. His desire to uncover the elements common to all languages and to examine the special mechanism of language as man's vehicle of expression, is evident at the outset of the discussion each time that Saadia treats a fresh grammatical subject. This is the case in the Hebrew introduction to Sefer ba-'egronb and in his Arabic commentary of Seferjesira,1 and also in the opening of some chapters of his Kitāb Fasib.

Ed. E. Kautzsch and Α. E. Cowley, London 222-224, and see the extensive survey and inter-linguisdc comparison by Ch. Rabin, and the meanings of grammadcal forms in Biblical and modern language, Jerusalem, 1971, 65-71. , 224). We have attempted to examine their opinions on this subject. In our research, we found the subject covered by the Andalusian school, from the incepdon of Andalusian grammar undl its twelfth century constituents: Dunash (Rabbi Adonim, Dunash vs. Sa'adia), Yonah Ibn Janach, Moshe Hakkohen Ibn Gikatilia and Abraham Ibn Ezra, and also by later grammarians (some of them "Ashkenazi") that we shall mention later on.

This attitude should be re-examined, now that Saadia's grammatical work has become known to scholars. It becomes evident that Saadia's work was not an act of probing in hesitation and uncertainty, but that he was an independent thinker. In many respects Saadia has a completely independent approach which has not been continued by those who came after him, perhaps because these ideas, as all of Saadia's grammatical works, were not known to them. The concept of the root can serve as a good example.

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