By Frederik Kortlandt

This quantity deals a dialogue of the phonological and morphological improvement of outdated Irish and its Indo-European origins. The emphasis is at the relative chronology of sound alterations and at the improvement of the verbal approach. designated consciousness is dedicated to the beginning of absolute and relative verb types, to the increase of the mutations, to the function of thematic and athematic inflexion forms within the formation of current sessions, preterits, subjunctives and futures, and to the advance of deponents and passive types. different subject matters comprise infixed and suffixed pronouns, palatalization of consonants and labialization of vowels, and the function of Continental Celtic within the reconstruction of Proto-Celtic. the ultimate bankruptcy presents an in depth research of the Latin and different Italic info that are necessary to a reconstruction of Proto-Italo-Celtic. The appendix features a complete reconstruction of the previous Irish verbal paradigms, which renders the topic extra simply obtainable to a much broader viewers. The ebook is of curiosity to Celticists, Latinists, Indo-Europeanists and different historic linguists. CONTENTS advent -- The previous Irish absolute and conjunct endings and questions of relative chronology [1978] -- extra facts for Italo-Celtic [1980] -- Phonemicization and rephonemicization of the outdated Irish mutations [1981] -- previous Irish subjunctives and futures and their Proto-Indo-European origins [1983] -- Posttonic '*w' in previous Irish [1983] -- The starting place of the Slavic imperfect [1983] -- Lachmann's legislation [1985] -- Absolute and conjunct back [1993] -- The alleged early apocope of '*-i' in Celtic [1995] -- Thematic and athematic verb types in previous Irish [1996] -- previous Irish 'ol' 'inquit' [1996] -- at the relative chronology of Celtic sound alterations [1997] -- Lachmann's legislations back [1997] -- 3 notes at the outdated Irish verb [1999] -- previous Irish 'feda', gen. 'fedot' 'Lord' and the first sg. absolute finishing - 'a' in subjunctives and futures [20

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Extra resources for Italo-Celtic Origins and Prehistoric Development of the Irish Language (Leiden Studies in Indo-European 14)

Sample text

Gūrtáh. Lat. strātus, -a < *sttos, Russ. prostërt, -a, Lith. stìrta (1), Latv. stirta vs. Skt. str̥táh (with secondary shortening of morphological origin), Gr. στρωτός. Lat. nātus < *gnātus < *gtos, Gaul. Cintu-gnatus, ON. ās-kunnr vs. Skt. jātáh. Ir. *bíth in ro-bíth (passive preterit of benim), Russ. razbít, -a (see above). Lat. trītus, Lith. trìntas (with -n- from the present tense), Latv. trĩts. Lat. solūtus < *so-lūtos, ON. lúðr, OHG. *lūd in lūdara < *lūtos vs. Gr. 9 Ir. tráth (neuter), W.

Ansātus, Lith. ąsótas (1). 27) Lat. frāter, OIr. bráthir, W. brawd (pl. brodyr), OCo. broder, bruder, Skt. bhrātā, Gr. φρτηρ, φρήτηρ, OHG. bruodar. 28) W. cawdd, Co. cueth, Br. cuez < *kādos, Gr. κῆδος. 29) Lat. cārus, Latv. kãrs, cf. Goth. hōrs. 30) OIr. clár, OW. claur, Br. kleûr < *klāros, Gr. κλῆρος (Dor. κλᾶρος). 31) W. daw (OW. dauu), Co. dof < *dāmos, Gr. δῆμος (Dor. δᾶμος), cf. Ir. dám < *dāmā. 32) Lat. lāma, Latv. lãma. 33) Lat. nāris, Lith. nósis (1), Latv. nãss < *nāsis. 34) Lat. plānum, adj.

The relative and absolute forms of the verbal paradigms were derived by adding the particles *so and *es, respectively, to the corresponding conjunct forms (cf. Kortlandt 1979b: 51 and passim). Final *-ro-so merged with *-ro as a result of the loss of intervocalic s and the shortening of long final vowels (ibidem: 39-41). The particle *es lost its vowel if the preceding word ended in a vowel (ibidem: 49). Thus, the absence of palatalization in the absolute deponent endings 1st sg. -ur < *-ōro-s and 2nd sg.

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