By Claire Lefebvre
The content material of this ebook is worried with numerous matters at stake in Creole experiences which are additionally of curiosity for normal linguistics. those comprise the final factor of Creole genesis and of the sped up linguistic swap that characterizes the emergence of those languages compared to bland situations of linguistic swap, the matter of the improvement of morphology in incipient Creoles, the matter of the validity of knowledge in linguistic research, the problem of multifunctionality as regards the idea that of lexical access, the query of no matter if Creole languages are semantically extra obvious than languages no longer referred to as Creoles, the problem of no matter if Creole languages represent a typologically identifiable classification and the matter of the interplay among the strategies concerned with the emergence and improvement of Creole languages. the aim of this e-book is to offer the foremost debates which are presently occurring within the box of Creole reports; evaluation the arguments opposed to info (mainly drawn from Haitian Creole); and deal with the problems at stake in the framework of latest paradigms. many of the positions on every one factor are summarized at the foundation of an intensive assessment of the literature.
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Additional info for Issues In The Study Of Pidgin And Creole Languages. (Studies in Language Companion)
4 Summary The core of the results of the UQAM Haitian projects can be found in Lefebvre (1998a, and the references cited therein). The detailed comparison of Haitian and its source languages overwelmingly supports the relexification account of creole genesis (see also chapter 3). The detailed comparison of Solomons Pidgin with its source languages by Keesing (1988) also supports such an account. The results in Migge (1998b) go in the same direction as well. As more cases are being documented, we deepen our understanding of the process itself and of the constraints upon it.
It accounts for the fact that the creators of the creole have little access to the superstratum language (the third feature). Only one generation of speakers is required to create a new language by means of relexification (the fourth feature). When it is created, this new language evolves as any other language. By virtue of the definition of the process, creole lexical entries are predicted to have the same semantic and syntactic properties as the corresponding lexical entries in the substratum languages, but phonological representations derived from the phonetic strings of the superstratum language.
G. Lightfoot 1979). 10 A typical example is the reanalysis of verbal expressions as adverbs. For example, the Yoruba verbal expression sa ere 'run race' has been reanalysed as an adverb: sere 'quickly' (see Bámgbósé 1974; Lord 1976). Since the seventies, several cases of linguistic change that have occurred in PCs have been analysed as cases of reanalysis. Such cases are reported in Baker and Syea (eds) (1996), Bickerton (1988), Foley (1988), Koopman and Lefebvre (1981), Lefebvre (1984), Mühlhäusler (1986a), Muysken (1988b), Plag (1993), Rickford (1987), Romaine (1988), Sankoff (1990, 1991), Sankoff 9 There is an ongoing debate on whether cases of grammaticalisation and of reanalysis constitute a single process or two separate ones.