By John Glasson
A sincerely based assessment of a key topic, this paintings offers the coed with not just an entire introductory textual content but in addition a publication to aid additional reviews. Written via 3 authors with broad learn and sensible adventure in Environmental effect evaluate (EIA), the remedy is modern and brings jointly presently fragmented details from many sources. EIA is now firmly at the time table a result of creation of laws at either nationwide and foreign degrees, and is particularly a lot in song with frequent and transforming into challenge approximately environmental matters and the influence of improvement at the atmosphere. First brought within the united states within the Seventies, the appliance of EIA has been sped up in Europe by way of the 1985 EC directive, which ended in its advent within the united kingdom in 1988, because whilst it's been a big development zone in making plans perform. The initially expected 20 environmental impression statements every year have now grown to good over three hundred, for tasks corresponding to strength stations, roads, new settlements, mineral extraction schemes, waste-disposal installations and toursism advancements, and this can be however the tip of the iceberg. according to hugely profitable classes at one of many top colleges of making plans, this ebook should still serve the necessity for an creation to EIA that is going past first rules and is knowledgeable via a wealth of educating, study and functional adventure. scholars on undergraduate and postgraduate making plans programmes may still locate it important as a direction textual content, as will scholars of environmental management/policy, environmental sciences/studies, geography and the equipped atmosphere. Planners, builders and choice makers in executive and company also needs to welcome the e-book as a truly powerful technique of attending to grips with a key new topic which they need to absolutely combine with their different actions.
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Additional info for Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment (Natural and Built Environment Series)
Amendments of 1997 aimed to improve this situation. g. mandatory or discretionary, level of public participation, types of action requiring EIA— and their implementation in practice vary widely from country to country. However, the rapid spread of the concept of EIA and its central role in many countries’ programmes of environmental protection attest to its universal validity as a proactive planning tool. This chapter first discusses how the system of EIA evolved in the US. The present status of EIA worldwide is then briefly reviewed (Chapter 10 will consider a number of countries’ systems of EIA in greater depth).
EIA must also be re-assessed in its theoretical context, and in particular in the context of decision-making theory (see Lawrence 1997, Weston 2000). EIA had its origins in a climate of a rational approach to decision-making in the USA in the 1960s. The focus was on the systematic process, objectivity, a holistic approach, a consideration of alternatives and an approach often seen as primarily linear. This rational approach is assumed to rely on a scientific process in which facts and logic are pre-eminent.
Traditionally, project EIA has applied to major projects; but what are major projects, and what criteria can be used to identify them? One could take Lord Morley’s approach to defining an elephant: it is difficult, but you easily recognize one when you see it. In a similar vein, the acronym LULU (locally unacceptable land uses) has been applied in the USA to many major projects, such as in energy, transport and manufacturing, clearly reflecting the public perception of the negative impacts associated with such developments.