By S. W.R. de A Samarsinghe, Vidyamali Samarsinghe

The island state of Sri Lanka possesses a wealthy and occasionally stricken heritage that stretches again over 2,500 years. based on the nation's "origin myth," it used to be first settled by way of a band of seven-hundred younger males led through a Bengal prince who used to be banished from his native land via his father, the king in 483 B.C. The civilization grew upon the industrial prosperity of rice and tea cultivation that encouraged the construction of 1 of the main refined hydraulic platforms within the historic world.Sri Lanka's historical past has now not been completely idyllic, in spite of the fact that. The cultural and technological advances enriched lives, but in addition created a weak spot that outdoor invaders may well take advantage of. consequently, the Singhalese were governed by means of Southern Indian invaders, in addition to the Portuguese, the Dutch, and the British.The historic Dictionary of Sri Lanka presents a one-stop source for the heritage of this interesting kingdom. Dictionary entries conceal the folks, locations, and occasions that experience formed this state and are additional supplemented by means of an in depth chronology, statistical tables, graphs and appendices. contains bibliography.

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1687 Vimaladharma Surya II succeeds to the Kandyan throne vacated by the death of Rajasingha II. 1707 Sri Vira Parakrama Narendra Simha (1707-39), who built the Temple of the Tooth, becomes the king of Kandy. 1716-20 The Kandyan kingdom closes its frontier to the Dutch. 1722 The Dutch introduce coffee cultivation to Sri Lanka. 1731 The first printing press in Sri Lanka established by the Dutch. 1732-34 The Kandyan kingdom closes its frontiers to the Dutch. 1739 Sri Vijaya Rajasingha becomes the King of Kandy and inaugurates the Nayakkar dynasty of Telugu origin in Madura.

June 19 Open University of Sri Lanka commenced operations. July 18 State sector employees strike for higher pay. October 1 I Kotelawala Defense Academy established. October 16 Former Prime Minister Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike deprived of her civic rights andexpelled from parliament. November 26 Mrs. Ranganayaky Pathmanathan takes oaths as the first Tamil woman MP since independence. 1981 January 29 Singapore prime minister arrives for an official visit. March 17 Population census. June 2 Curfew in Jaffna.

September 25 Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike assassinated. September 26 W. Dahanayake assumed office as the fifth prime minister of Sri Lanka. 1960 January 6 Third parliament dissolved. March 19 Fourth parliamentary elections; the UNP obtains 50 seats as against 46 won by the SLFP. March 21 Dudley Senanayake becomes prime minister of a UNP government. April 22 The Dudley Senanayake government is defeated in parliament. April 26 Fourth parliament is dissolved. July 20 General elections held for the fifth parliament.

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