By Raimo Anttila
This learn resurrects the style of Wortstudien contributions or lexilogus remedies, the middle of old lexical semantics. Such stories was rather renowned, and curiosity in lexical issues is back emerging. The note kinfolk round the Indo-European root *aǵ- ‘drive’ is put opposed to its Germanic alternative drive as a typological parallel. Many long-standing difficulties can now be solved, and new hypotheses emerge. beginning with the nonetheless vital activities and video games element of social existence, new morphology is resurrected (agṓn ‘games’ as an unique plural; §2), and a strongly social which means for ‘good’ (agathós; §3). Aganós reveals its answer that mixes the ‘mild’ and plant readings in a typical method (§4). Hunting-and-gathering concerns determine new percentages or certainties for a few ‘wealth’ phrases (§6), and throughout faith is concerned (§7). similar Baltic Finnic facts is drawn in (§8), and such proof is used to debate situations on either side. this fashion reasons for the Indo-European fabric are reinforced, or maybe made attainable within the first position, and rankings of Baltic Finnic phrases locate appealing (driving) personal loan hypotheses as their etymologies.
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Additional resources for Greek and Indo-European Etymology in Action: Proto-Indo-European *aǵ-
Hoffmann's analysis enabled Jasanoff (1980) to expand clarity into Germanic and Baltic. But Hoffmann's explication does not pay attention to the accent in the collectives (5), and thus his points are not valid on that score. And that is what we are interested in here. To come back to — the literature is full of all kinds of random meanderings. A good example is Scanlon (1983), in which we learn that ag nostic is related to agony (147), and that is the aorist of (152)! This is of course incredible.
The expectation according to pure sound laws would point toward in Greek. I suggest that this expected neuter plural ending is indeed seen in words like We are dealing with a neuter plural and collective in a case where the semantics makes sense (festivities, activities, rituals, sports in a gathering). , *Ag'on ag'etoi The contest activities are carried out' (cf. etc to give a plausible figura etymologica like The song is sung. " -GOV), and syn tactic (sg. predicate) reasons for reinterpreting the *-ωv as masculine singu lar.
45). The Old Irish verbal noun âinlân (*ag'ni-,*agnâ) means the 'act of driving animals, conducting games, racing horses, holding a fair', MIr ág (*āgu-) 'fight, battle, contest; prowess, valour; cause, reason, occasion', and aige (*agyo-) the 'act of driving, racing horses, celebrating a festival', the latter matching in form Skt prtanājya 'contest', although not necessarily in the length of the root vowel ( ājíl). , *-u-, in Celtic. This distribution of suffixes for a specialized meaning need not be a mere accident, but can portray an early state of affairs.