By Peter Collins
The contributions to this quantity observe and expand the suggestions of corpus linguistics and diachronic linguistics to the problem of describing and explaining grammatical switch in kinds of English world-wide. The publication is split into elements, with ten chapters on ‘Inner Circle’ forms equivalent to Australian, Canadian, and Irish English, and 8 on ‘Outer Circle’ types reminiscent of Philippine, Indian, and Nigerian English. participants learn various subject matters together with the innovative point, modal auxiliaries, do-support, verb morphology, and quotatives, utilizing a wide selection of corpus assets. Overarching examine questions addressed contain the subsequent: Do diachronic traits saw in a specific kind converge with, diverge from, or run in parallel with, these within the guardian kind? What are the potential reasons of adjustments saw (e.g. English educating traditions, Americanisation, inner alterations in registers)? This e-book will attract linguists, rather these drawn to grammatical description, corpus linguistics and international Englishes.
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2010: 154), illustrate the operation of this difference. In the examples in (3), all from York, England, have patterns with auxiliary syntax. In the examples in (4), all from Toronto, Canada, have patterns with main verb syntax. The distinct pattern that emerges in these examples for stative have has been described by Denison (1998: 2) as one of “the best-known transatlantic distinctions in syntax” (see also Quirk et al. 1985: 131–132; Biber et al. 1999: 159–163). Have you an empty room? I haven’t any strength to do it.
In Aarts, Close, Leech & Wallis (eds), 14–45. Aarts, Bas, Close, Joanne, Leech, Geoffrey & Wallis, Sean. 2013. The Verb Phrase in English: Investigating Recent Language Change with Corpora. Cambridge: CUP. 1017/CBO9781139060998 Algeo, John. 1995. Having a look at the expanded predicate. In The Verb in Contemporary English: Theory and Description, Bas Aarts & Charles F. Meyer (eds), 203–217. Cambridge: CUP. Altenberg, Bengt. 1982. The Genitive v. the of Construction: A Study of Syntactic Variation in 17th Century English.
E. combinations of beon or wesan with a past participle) were even attested in Old English. Diachronic variation in the grammar of Australian English Two methods were used to measure changes in the frequencies of be-passives. Firstly changes were calculated in frequencies per million words, the results presented in Figure 10. Secondly, changes were calculated in the frequency of be-passives as a percentage of the total number of VPs, the results presented in Figure 11. This second method was employed to eliminate the possibility that, insofar as passive VPs are an essential component of passive clauses, changes might be due merely to variations in the density of VPs in the corpora.