By Christophe Plomion, Jean Bousquet, Chittaranjan Kole

With contributions by way of the world over reputed researchers within the box, this e-book offers the consequences of the genomic revolution for conifers—promoting a greater realizing of the evolution of those organisms in addition to new wisdom concerning the molecular foundation of quantitative trait version. either one of those discoveries play vital roles of their domestication. subject matters comprise cytogenetics, styles of nucleotide range, genetic mapping, integration of molecular markers in breeding, transcriptomics, advances in proteomics and metabolomics in gymnosperms, and financial importance.

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2005) and nrDNA (Liston et al. 2003) have been partially resolved using multiple low-copy markers (Syring et al. 2005). Multiple independent markers have also revealed the complex phylogenetic history of Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen (Syring et al. 2007a). html) is beginning to provide a nearly limitless supply of low-copy nuclear loci for use in conifer phylogenetics. Nearly one million conifer EST markers were submitted to GenBank by the end of 2009. However, coverage across the conifers remains uneven (Table 1-1).

Lanceolata China, China fir Vietnam, Laos forestry in China Cupressus 12 C. sempervirens Mediterranean Italian cypress horticulture Fitzroya 1 F. cupressoides S Argentina, S alerce Chile local forestry; tetraploid Juniperus 67 J. virginiana E Canada, E USA Eastern redcedar local forestry J. communis Circumboreal common juniper horticulture, flavoring (gin) nSSR Metasequoia 1 M. glyptostroboides China dawn redwood discovered in 1944, horticulture Platycladus 1 P. orientalis China, Korea, E Russia Chinese arborvitae forestry in China Sequoia 1 S.

Bird dispersal is more predominant in the 16 Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Conifers Southern Hemisphere due to the prevalence of the Podocarpaceae (Enright et al. 1995). Seed transport in excess of 22 km has been reported for bird dispersal in Pinus (Lanner 1998; Ledig 1998), while the range of pollen dispersal can be on the order of tens to hundreds of kilometers (Burczyk et al. 2004). Widespread distribution of the pollen acts mainly as a cohesive force reducing population differentiation, while occasional long-distance dispersal of the seed provides a means for species migration and population establishment (Ledig 1998).

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