By Matthew W. Mosca

Among the mid-eighteenth and mid-nineteenth centuries, Qing rulers, officers, and students fused varied, fragmented perceptions of international territory into one built-in worldview. within the similar interval, a unmarried “foreign” coverage emerged as a substitute to the numerous localized “frontier” regulations hitherto pursued at the coast, in Xinjiang, and in Tibet. via unraveling chinese language, Manchu, and British resources to bare the knowledge networks utilized by the Qing empire to assemble intelligence approximately its rising rival, British India, this booklet explores China's altered knowing of its position in an international context. faraway from being hobbled by way of a Sinocentric worldview, Qing China's officers and students paid shut consciousness to international affairs. to fulfill the becoming British possibility, they tailored institutional practices and geopolitical assumptions to coordinate a reaction throughout their maritime and inland borderlands. In time, the hot and extra energetic reaction to Western imperialism equipped in this starting place reshaped not just China's international relations but additionally the inner courting among Beijing and its frontiers.

Show description

Read Online or Download From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy: The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China PDF

Similar india books

India: A Million Mutinies Now

A brand new York occasions impressive Book

Nobel laureate V. S. Naipaul’s impassioned and prescient travelogue of his trips via his ancestral place of birth, with a brand new preface through the author.
 
Arising out of Naipaul’s lifelong obsession and keenness for a rustic that's straight away his and completely alien, India: 1000000 Mutinies Now relates the tales of the various humans he met touring there greater than fifty years in the past. He explores how they've been advised through the innumerable frictions found in Indian society—the contradictions and compromises of spiritual religion, the whim and chaos of random political forces. This booklet represents Naipaul’s final note on his native land, complementing his different India travelogues, a space of Darkness and India: A Wounded Civilization.

Song of Kali

"O poor spouse of Siva / Your tongue is consuming the blood, / O darkish mom! O unclad mom. " it's extraordinary that ahead of penning this first novel, Dan Simmons had spent simply and a part days in Calcutta, a urban "too depraved to be suffered," his narrator says. thankfully again in print after numerous years in which it used to be difficult to procure, this wealthy, weird and wonderful novel essentially reeks with surroundings.

The Great Divergence Reconsidered: Europe, India, and the Rise to Global Economic Power

Opposite to renowned narratives, industry Integration in Europe and India exhibits that Europe's upward thrust to its present prestige as an undisputed global monetary chief was once no longer the impact of the commercial Revolution, nor can or not it's defined through coal or colonial exploitation. utilizing a wealth of recent old facts stretching from the 17th to the 20 th century, Roman Studer indicates that the nice Divergence happened within the 17th century, if no longer previous.

Extra info for From Frontier Policy to Foreign Policy: The Question of India and the Transformation of Geopolitics in Qing China

Sample text

Independent states within its bounds were generally understood to be components of a larger India. Moreover, because this study concentrates on Qing understandings of the process by which the British empire conquered India piece by piece over the course of decades, it is first necessary to study how the areas that would come under British rule were understood in the period before their conquest. For this reason, the “India” that is the target of this study more or less conforms to the territory under direct or indirect British rule on the subcontinent by 1860 (excluding Burma).

Breaking with earlier practice—although he massaged his historical accounts to disguise this fact—Wei argued that the Qing needed to build coalitions against its one major enemy, the British empire. The centerpiece of his plan was to induce Nepal, Burma, and Russia to descend upon India as Qing allies, and together with Indians themselves push the British back into the sea. Bereft of introduction 21 opium revenues and sepoys, England could pose no threat to China. ” To adapt to foreign imperialism, Qing foreign relations became more centralized in the decades after the Opium War, and the drawbacks of fractured policy-making among various territorial officials became obvious.

34 Nonetheless, Wei Yuan’s more radical idea of a tightly integrated empire operating in close alliances with foreign powers was not adopted. One factor was certainly the inherent caution of Qing bureaucrats, who did not wish to risk their careers and possibly their lives to advocate costly measures that could end in disaster. Another was the limitations of the state’s military and financial resources and the known unreliability of potential allies. The imperial government recognized Qing weakness more keenly than Wei.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.45 of 5 – based on 43 votes