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In the course of the pilot project, 52 speakers were interviewed in 41 communities ranging in population from 2,605 (Lena, IL) to 6,793,132 in the urbanized area of Chicago, IL in 1992 and 1993. 2. Expansion of the project The acoustic analyses of the first set of speakers showed a clear differentiation of the dialect regions of the Inland North, the North Central region, and the Midland, generally in accordance with the dialect boundaries established by other researchers, but showing a level of detail, precision, and consistency not previously achieved.

Once the Central Cities have been selected, it is in theory possible to assign every county to a ZI. In practice this is not true, because some counties have fewer than 100 households and so are not listed in the County Penetration Reports. In most cases, such counties can confidently be assigned to a ZI on the basis of 1 2 3 4 This project was supported by NSF under grant BNS91-11637, “A Survey of Sound Change in Progress”. The second phase of the Atlas was supported by NSF under grant SBR 92-22458, “A Telephone Survey of Sound Change in Progress”.

Peripheral and non-peripheral tracks in English phonological space oh Location in this acoustic space is relevant to the direction of movement of vowels when change is in progress. The general principles of chain shifting can be restated as: (2) In chain shifts, I. Tense nuclei move upward along a peripheral track. II. Lax nuclei move downward along a non-peripheral track. 3 illustrates the typical direction of movement in chain shifts. The arrows represent the typical directions of movement if the nuclei remain in their initial position; in North American English, they often shift peripherality.

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