By Yaşar Demirel

Understanding the sustainable use of strength in numerous techniques is an essential component of engineering and medical stories, which depend on a legitimate wisdom of strength structures. while many associations now supply levels in energy-related courses, a entire textbook, which introduces and explains sustainable power platforms and will be used throughout engineering and clinical fields, has been missing. power: construction, Conversion, garage, Conservation, and Coupling offers the reader with a pragmatic figuring out of those 5 major subject components of strength together with a hundred thirty examples and over six hundred perform difficulties. every one bankruptcy features a diversity of helping figures, tables, thermodynamic diagrams and charts, whereas the Appendix offers the reader with the entire worthy facts together with the steam tables. This new textbook offers a transparent advent of easy vocabulary, houses, types, assets, and balances of power earlier than advancing to the most subject components of:

• power creation and conversion in vital actual, chemical, and organic processes,

• Conservation of power and its influence on sustainability,

• a number of sorts of power garage, and

• power coupling and bioenergetics in residing systems.

A answer guide for the perform difficulties of the textbook is accessible for the teacher. strength: creation, Conversion, garage, Conservation, and Coupling is a accomplished resource, research consultant, and direction complement for either undergraduates and graduates throughout various engineering and clinical disciplines.

Resources together with the answer handbook for this textbook can be found for teachers on sending a request to Dr. Yaºar Demirel at

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Additional resources for Energy: Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation, and Coupling

Sample text

Natural gas is a major source of electricity production through the use of gas turbines and steam turbines. It burns more cleanly and produces about 30% less carbon dioxide than burning petroleum and about 45% less than burning coal for an equivalent amount of heat produced. Combined cycle power generation using natural gas is thus the cleanest source of power available using fossil fuels, and this technology is widely used wherever gas can be obtained at a reasonable cost. The gross heat of combustion of one cubic meter of natural gas is around 39 MJ and the typical caloric value is roughly 1,000 Btu per cubic foot, depending on gas composition.

The saturation temperature or boiling temperature of a pure substance depends on pressure; at higher pressure boiling point will be higher. 4a shows a typical phase diagram for a pure substance. Between the solid and liquid phases, there is a solid–liquid equilibrium curve; between liquid and vapor phases there is a liquid–vapor equilibrium curve. The temperature and pressures on the liquid–vapor equilibrium curve are the saturation (boiling temperatures) and pressures. At critical point, the saturated liquid state and saturated vapor state are identical.

P Sat. vap. Sat. liq. 003 cm3/g Amount of liquid water = 2 kg Amount of vapor = 15 – 2 = 13 kg mvap 13 kg ¼ 0:87 Quality x of the saturated mixture: x ¼ ¼ mtotal 15 kg Enthalpy of the mixture, Eq. 25): Hmix ¼ ð1 À xÞHsat liq þ xHsat vap ¼ ð1 À 0:87Þ355:9 kJ=kg þ ð0:87Þ2652:0 kJ=kg ¼ 2353:5 kJ=kg Volume of the mixture, Eq. 6 Partial Pressure and Saturation Pressure Partial pressure is the pressure exerted by a single component in a gaseous mixture if it existed alone in the same volume occupied by the mixture and at the same temperature and pressure of the mixture.

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