By Krishna R. Reddy
An unequalled reference on electrochemical applied sciences for soil, sediment, and groundwater pollutants remediation
Electrochemical applied sciences are rising as very important ways for potent and effective toxins remediation, either all alone and in live performance with different remediation innovations. Electrochemical Remediation applied sciences for Polluted Soils, Sediments and Groundwater offers a scientific and transparent clarification of basics, box functions, in addition to possibilities and demanding situations in constructing and enforcing electrochemical remediation applied sciences. Written via prime gurus of their numerous components, the textual content summarizes the most recent learn and gives case experiences that illustrate gear, deploy, and techniques hired in real-world remediations.
Divided into 9 sections, the assurance contains:
creation and basic rules
Remediation of heavy metals and different inorganic pollution
Remediation of natural toxins
Remediation of combined contaminants
built-in (coupled) applied sciences
financial and regulatory concerns
box functions and function overview
designated as a entire reference at the topic, Electrochemical Remediation applied sciences for Polluted Soils, Sediments and Groundwater will function a necessary source to all environmental engineers, scientists, regulators, and policymakers.Content:
Chapter 1 assessment of Electrochemical Remediation applied sciences (pages 1–28): Krishna R. Reddy and Claudio Cameselle
Chapter 2 Electrochemical shipping and variations (pages 29–64): Sibel Pamukcu
Chapter three Geochemical techniques Affecting Electrochemical Remediation (pages 65–94): Albert T. Yeung
Chapter four Electrokinetic removing of Heavy Metals (pages 95–126): Lisbeth M. Ottosen, Henrik ok. Hansen and Pernille E. Jensen
Chapter five Electrokinetic elimination of Radionuclides (pages 127–139): Vladimir A. Korolev
Chapter 6 Electrokinetic elimination of Nitrate and Fluoride (pages 141–148): Kitae Baek and Jung?Seok Yang
Chapter 7 Electrokinetic therapy of infected Marine Sediments (pages 149–177): Giorgia De Gioannis, Aldo Muntoni, Alessandra Polettini and Raffaella Pomi
Chapter eight Electrokinetic Stabilization of Chromium (VI)?Contaminated Soils (pages 179–193): Laurence Hopkinson, Andrew Cundy, David Faulkner, Anne Hansen and Ross Pollock
Chapter nine Electrokinetic removing of PAHs (pages 195–217): Ji?Won Yang and You?Jin Lee
Chapter 10 Electrokinetic removing of Chlorinated natural Compounds (pages 219–234): Xiaohua Lu and Songhu Yuan
Chapter eleven Electrokinetic delivery of Chlorinated natural insecticides (pages 235–248): Ahmet Karagunduz
Chapter 12 Electrokinetic removing of Herbicides from Soils (pages 249–264): Alexandra B. Ribeiro and Eduardo P. Mateus
Chapter thirteen Electrokinetic removing of vigorous Compounds (pages 265–284): David A. Kessler, Charles P. Marsh and Sean Morefield
Chapter 14 Electrokinetic Remediation of combined steel Contaminants (pages 285–313): Kyoung?Woong Kim, Keun?Young Lee and Soon?Oh Kim
Chapter 15 Electrokinetic Remediation of combined Metals and natural Contaminants (pages 315–331): Maria Elektorowicz
Chapter sixteen Electrokinetic limitations for fighting Groundwater toxins (pages 333–356): Rod Lynch
Chapter 17 Electrokinetic Biofences (pages 357–366): Reinout Lageman and Wiebe Pool
Chapter 18 Coupling Electrokinetics to the Bioremediation of natural Contaminants: ideas and primary Interactions (pages 367–387): Lukas Y. Wick
Chapter 19 Coupled Electrokinetic–Bioremediation: utilized facets (pages 389–416): Svenja T. Lohner, Andreas Tiehm, Simon A. Jackman and Penny Carter
Chapter 20 impression of Coupled Electrokinetic–Phytoremediation on Soil Remediation (pages 417–437): M. C. Lobo Bedmar, A. Perez?Sanz, M. J. Martinez?Inigo and A. Plaza Benito
Chapter 21 Electrokinetic–Chemical Oxidation/Reduction (pages 439–471): Gordon C. C. Yang
Chapter 22 Electrosynthesis of Oxidants and Their Electrokinetic Distribution (pages 473–482): W. Wesner, Andrea Diamant, B. Schrammel and M. Unterberger
Chapter 23 Coupled Electrokinetic–Permeable Reactive obstacles (pages 483–503): Chih?Huang Weng
Chapter 24 Coupled Electrokinetic–Thermal Desorption (pages 505–535): Gregory J. Smith
Chapter 25 Electrokinetic Modeling of Heavy Metals (pages 537–562): Jose Miguel Rodriguez?Maroto and Carlos Vereda?Alonso
Chapter 26 Electrokinetic boundaries: Modeling and Validation (pages 563–579): R. Sri Ranjan
Chapter 27 expense Estimates for Electrokinetic Remediation (pages 581–587): Christopher J. Athmer
Chapter 28 Regulatory elements of enforcing Electrokinetic Remediation (pages 589–606): Randy A. Parker
Chapter 29 box functions of Electrokinetic Remediation of Soils infected with Heavy Metals (pages 607–624): Anshy Oonnittan, Mika Sillanpaa, Claudio Cameselle and Krishna R. Reddy
Chapter 30 box stories: Organic?Contaminated Soil Remediation with Lasagna know-how (pages 625–646): Christopher J. Athmer and Sa V. Ho
Chapter 31 Coupled Electrokinetic PRB for Remediation of Metals in Groundwater (pages 647–659): Ha Ik Chung and MyungHo Lee
Chapter 32 box reviews on Sediment Remediation (pages 661–696): J. Kenneth Wittle, Sibel Pamukcu, Dave Bowman, Lawrence M. Zanko and Falk Doering
Chapter 33 reports With box functions of Electrokinetic Remediation (pages 697–717): Reinout Lageman and Wiebe Pool
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Additional resources for Electrochemical Remediation Technologies for Polluted Soils, Sediments and Groundwater
1994; Eykholt and Daniel, 1994; Hicks and Tondorf 1994; Shapiro, Probstein, and Hicks, 1995; Alshawabkeh and Acar, 1996; Electorowicz and Boeva, 1996; Yeung, Hsu, and Menon, 1996; Dzenitis, 1997; Reddy and Parupudi, 1997). While electroosmosis is analogous to soil washing, ion migration is probably the primary mechanism of mass transport when the contaminants are ionic or surface charged. Relative contribution of electroosmosis and ion migration to total mass transport varies according to soil type, water content, ion species, and their concentrations.
5 V, TCE flux is reduced by 90% with no adverse intermediates. Complementary studies are proposed at other sites to treat energetic compounds that are difficult to treat with conventional technologies. Recently, a field demonstration of the ECGO to remediate contaminated dredged harbor sediments from Lake Superior in Duluth, Minnesota, is completed. The sediments were contaminated by PAHs, PCBs, mercury, and other miscellaneous contaminants. The dredged sediments were planned to be disposed in confined disposal facilities (CDFs).
Oxidants such as Fenton’s reagents (H2O2 and Fe2+) produce hydroxyl radicals, which break C-H bonds of organics into environmentally benign end products. Electrokinetics will also allow control of the soil pH and potential increase in temperature to create optimal conditions to achieve maximum oxidation (Chapters 21 and 22). It should be noted that the electrokinetic–chemical reduction principles are the same as electrokinetic–PRB using iron filing as reactive media, but one has to wait for the contaminated water to pass through the PRB for the remediation to occur.