By Wolfgang Wimmer
Stakeholders similar to environmental directives and shopper calls for for lowering environmental affects of a product require leading edge and environmentally more advantageous items. accordingly a scientific method and powerful equipment and instruments are wanted within the early part of product development.
The easy parts for optimized strategy administration within the layout division are defined during this book.
The e-book offers twelve effortless to stick to steps for enforcing ECODESIGN in an organization. It offers transparent recommendation how one can combine environmental concerns into product layout and improvement, and combines ECODESIGN with existence Cycle evaluation and Environmental conversation. Chapters on
Product modeling, existence Cycle evaluation, ECODESIGN projects, Product development and Environmental conversation use the formerly built ECODESIGN PILOT (www.ecodesign.at/pilot) and convey its program to a true product example.
The booklet comes with internet instruments: one is the ECODESIGN PILOT, used to discover measures to environmentally increase a product inside a short while. the opposite is the ECODESIGN PILOT's Assistant (www.ecodesign.at/assist): knowledgeable approach, which is helping to discover the best development process for a product.
This e-book might be of curiosity to environmental and sustainability managers, engineers in study and product improvement, to designers, environmental specialists, and specialists, in addition to to scholars operating during this field.
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Extra resources for ECODESIGN Implementation: A Systematic Guidance on Integrating Environmental Considerations into Product Development
However, there are untold stories behind the burning of the fuel. You only think about the burning of the fuel itself. But where do you think the fuel originates from? Here, we have to address the entire life cycle as described in chapter 1. Clearly crude oil in nature is the starting point for the fuel. The crude oil must be extracted from the underground. The extracted crude oil must then be transported to a place for consumption by an oil tanker. The oil tanker needs fuel (diesel) to sail. The transported crude oil undergoes refinery operation to generate various petroleum products including fuels such as gasoline, diesel, and heavy oil, etc.
As shown in Table 14, cumulative weight percentage is calculated using the product composition information in Table 12 to apply for the decision rule (here 75% has been chosen). Cumulative weight means that the weight of each component of the product is summed up. Then any components outside the 75% limit are excluded from the product system. Only three components are included in the water kettle product system as marked bold in Table 14. Life Cycle Assessment 35 Table 14 Components of the water kettle included in the product system (marked in bold).
The inventory analysis results therefore list Life Cycle Assessment 25 inventory parameters with their values. This can be considered environmental profile of the product. Table 7 lists an example of commonly known inventory parameters with categories to which they belong. Table 7 Examples of data category and parameter. Category Emissions to air Emissions to water Emissions to land Resources Parameter CO2, CH4 Phenol, Phosphate, Nitrate Solid waste Iron ore, Crude oil After summing up all the data from all the unit processes and activities in the product system based on its contribution to the product, the life cycle inventory result of the product is obtained.