By Benjamin Burr (auth.), Ronald L. Phillips, Indra K. Vasil (eds.)

The double helix structure of DNA was once elucidated in 1953. two decades later, in 1973, the invention of limit enzymes helped to create recombinant DNA molĀ­ ecules in vitro. the results of those robust and novel tools of molecular biolĀ­ ogy, and their power within the genetic manipulation and development of microbes, crops and animals, grew to become more and more glaring, and resulted in the delivery of recent biotechnology. the 1st transgenic crops during which a bacterial gene have been stably built-in have been produced in 1983, and by means of 1993 transgenic crops have been produced in all significant crop species, together with the cereals and the legumes. those striking achievements have led to the construction of plants which are proof against powerful yet environmentally secure herbicides, or to viral pathogens and bug pests. In different situations genes were brought that hold up fruit ripening, or raise starch content material, or reason male sterility. each one of these manipulations are in line with the advent of a unmarried gene - more often than not of bacterial beginning - that regulates a massive monogenic trait, into the crop of selection. a number of the engineered plants are actually below box trials and are anticipated to be commercially produced in the following few years.

Show description

Read Online or Download DNA-Based Markers in Plants PDF

Similar plants books

Pleurocarpous Mosses: Systematics and Evolution

The shift from conventional taxonomic how you can data-oriented, analytical cladistic methodologies has resulted in a greater knowing of organic tactics and extra exact classifications for quite a lot of organisms, together with mosses. Pleurocarpous Mosses: Systematics and Evolution explores the influence of those equipment via contemporary breakthroughs in learn at the evolution and phylogeny of pleurocarpous mosses.

Plants Of Life, Plants Of Death

Pythagoras, the traditional Greek mathematician, didn't himself devour fava beans in any shape; in reality, he banned his fans from consuming them. Cultural geographer Frederick Simoons disputes the rivalry that Pythagoras verified that ban simply because he famous the chance of favism, a illness that afflicts genetically-predisposed people who devour fava beans.

Biological Approaches and Evolutionary Trends in Plants

Organic ways and Evolutionary traits in crops is a suite of papers offered on the Fourth overseas Symposium of Plant Biosystematics hung on July 10-14, 1989 in Kyoto, Japan. individuals, a few are world's best plant biologists, speak about the findings in evolutionary biology and matters in plant biosystematics in mild of the proof and concepts introduced ahead at quite a few degrees of organic association, from molecule to telephone, person, inhabitants, species, and group degrees.

Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Eucalypts

Eucalypts are used for the creation of paper items, firewood, charcoal, power feedstocks for bioenergy and biomaterials, as ornamentals and panorama timber, and in land rehabilitation. Eucalypt breeding is at an early level with many plantings being simply on the first levels of domestication.

Additional resources for DNA-Based Markers in Plants

Example text

Natl. Acad. Sci. A. 93: 15503-15507. W. L. (1997) Oat-maize chromosome Constructing a plant genetic linkage map with DNA markers 43 addition lines - a new system for mapping the maize genome. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. A. 94: 3524-3529. -B. (1998) QTL cartographer: a suite of programs for mapping quantitative trait loci. Plant and Animal Genome VI (San Diego, CA, January 1998). p. 76. D. and Grant, D. ). Theor. Appl. Genet. 82: 636-644. J. R. (1994) Assignment of 30 microsatellite loci to the linkage map of Arabidopsis.

Proc. Nat!. Acad. Sci. USA 89:1477-1481. , and Weising, K (1995) Hybridization of microsatellites to RAPD: a new source of polymorphic markers. Nucleic Acids Res. 23:3798-3799. K, Scharf, S. A. and Arnheim, N. (1985) Enzymatic amplification of B-globin genomic sequences and restriction site analysis for diagnosis of sickle cell anemia. Science 230: 1350-1354. Sax, K. (1923) The association of size differences with seed coat pattern and pigmentation in Phaseolus vUlgarus. Genetics 8:552:560. w. M.

The primary advantage which MALDI-TOF MS offers is extremely rapid and accurate fragment size determination. Individual fragment separation times take milliseconds; however, for accurate determination ionization from multiple laser pulses are measured (Monforte and Becker 1997). As a result a single sample is processed in a few seconds or less. Current technical limits restrict accurate size determination to fragments 100 bases or less (Monforte and Becker 1997). Also, if the mass of individual fragments is varied, multiplexing of samples is possible (Haff and Smimov 1997).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.15 of 5 – based on 28 votes