By Stefanie Stockhorst
On condition that the dissemination of enlightened idea in Europe was once more often than not effected via translations, the current selection of essays specializes in how its cultural version came about in a variety of nationwide contexts. For the 1st time, the theoretical version of 'cultural move' (Espagne/Werner) is utilized to the eighteenth century: The intercultural dynamics of the Enlightenment develop into appear within the transformation technique among the unique and aim cultures, be it in terms of acculturation, artistic enhancement, or false impression. leading to shifts of that means, translations provide a key not only to modern translation perform yet to the discursive community of the eu Enlightenment more often than not. The case experiences united right here discover either how translations contributed to the transnational standardisation of convinced key innovations, values and texts, and the way they mirror nationwide requirements of enlightened discourses. for that reason, the quantity contributes to Enlightenment reports, not less than up to to historic translation experiences.
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Extra info for Cultural Transfer through Translation. The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. (Internationale Forschungen Zur Allgemeinen & Vergleichenden Literaturwissenschaft)
1 However, this paper intends to investigate a certain aspect of imitation in the pictorial arts: its structural resemblance to notions of different translation methods current in this period, especially of the one specified as ‘imitation’. The paradox is that imitation in both cases, in translation and art theory, is conceived as the means of producing a poetic creation and not a copy of some preceding original, even though the term, first and foremost, meant to copy, as Samuel Johnson’s dictionary reads in correspondence to dictionaries of the present.
31. Johann David Michaelis, A Dissertation on the Influence of Opinions on Language and of Language on Opinions, which Gained the Prussian Royal Academy’s Prize on that Subject (London, W. Owen and W. Bingley, 1769). 32. The Critical Review, July 1769, p. 60. Translation in theory and practice 41 with the original, in regard to the expression and composition, in order to make the discourse appear graceful and agreeable in their own language. 33 Michaelis’s contemporary critique of the French language may be readily identified in Lowth’s letter to the editors of the Critical Review.
For the famous statement, see Friedrich Schleiermacher, ‘On the different methods of translating’, transl. by Susan Bernofsky, in The Translation studies reader, ed. Lawrence Venuti (London 2000), p. 43-63. 37. Michel Foucault, Les mots et les choses: archéologie des sciences humaines (Paris 1966). 38. Peter H. Reill, The German Enlightenment and the rise of Historicism (Berkeley 1975). Translation in theory and practice 43 mediation between German and English was not a rejection of Enlightenment values: like similar comments by Diderot and Herder, it was part and parcel of the Enlightenment’s positive appraisal of diversity and change in human affairs.