By Geneviève Escure

This paintings examines the unguided acquisition of a typical language through audio system of nonstandard forms in detailed linguistic and geographical occasions: in a Caribbean creole state of affairs (Belize); and in a non-creole state of affairs (PRC) in China. In either circumstances, psychosocial components, linguistic bias towards non-native renderings of the traditional types, the social prestige in their audio system, and comparable political and academic effects play a massive position within the improvement of moment dialects. the final word objective underlying the comparability of particular discourse variables in Belizean and chinese language general acquisition is to judge the relative advantages of substratal, superstratal, and common motives in language improvement.

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Extra resources for Creole and Dialect Continua: Standard Acquisition Processes in Belize and China (Prc) (Creole Language Library)

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Thus, in spite of the fact that it is gaining speakers and prestige, Belizean Creole is still officially ignored. A typical list of the languages spoken in Belize, as seen on a sign posted at the entrance of Punta Gorda, includes: English, Spanish, Garifuna, Maya, and Kekchi, with the glaring omission of Creole. This is disturbing in view of the facts presented above, and in particular when considering that English is not the Belizeans' first language but a second language or dialect for practically all.

A typical list of the languages spoken in Belize, as seen on a sign posted at the entrance of Punta Gorda, includes: English, Spanish, Garifuna, Maya, and Kekchi, with the glaring omission of Creole. This is disturbing in view of the facts presented above, and in particular when considering that English is not the Belizeans' first language but a second language or dialect for practically all. The paradoxical coexistence of two varieties, one carrying overt prestige and the other covert prestige, is not an unusual phenomenon.

The largest Garifuna town in Belize is Dangriga, the population of which was 6,435 in 1991 out of 18,085 for the entire Stann Creek district. Dangriga (previously called Stann Creek, like the district) was founded in 1823 by a group who had sided with the losing royalist cause against the republican gov­ ernment of Honduras. In 1939, other Garifuna fled the Honduran village of San Juan, again for political reasons, and founded the village of Hopkins, just south of Dangriga in Belize. There are now six Garifuna communities in Belize: Dangriga, Punta Gorda, Barranco, Seine Bight,8 Hopkins, and Georgetown— the only inland village, founded by Hopkins inhabitants after the destructive hurricane Hattie (Hopkins now has a sparse population).

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