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E. purely semantics of the text. It is common to make a direct mapping between knowledge representation structures and the structure of the text for purposes of maintaining isomorphism (cf. [7]), or because the knowledge representation is based on a linguistic analysis of the text (cf. The metadata mechanism of MetaLex, and the possibility of naming one’s own inline elements, make it possible to emulate the same mechanism in MetaLex and LKIF. The rule element can refer to the LKIF axiom motorcycle vehicle using RDFa attributes, as in the previous metadata examples, while the antecedent element refers to the term motorcycle and the consequent refers to the term vehicle.

2 The LKIF Ontology The LKIF ontology is a standard OWL ontology, based on description logic (DL), or alternatively description logic programs (DLP), semantics, and can be used separately from the LKIF rules in Semantic Web applications if required. The main purpose of the ontology is to constrain use of terminology in LKIF applications, and ontology is intended to be the part of the knowledge representation most amenable to reuse outside the context of the original LKBS, although the applicability of this doctrine in law generates a lot of discussion: Matters of terminology do demonstrably become subject of legal argument.

University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1980) 14. : Knowledge representation: logical, philosophical and computational foundations. , Pacific Grove (2000) MetaLex XML and the Legal Knowledge Interchange Format 41 15. : Sweetening ontologies with dolce. , Schneider, L. ) EKAW 2002. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2473, pp. 223–233. Springer, Heidelberg (2002) 16. : The Intentional Stance. MIT Press, Cambridge (1987) 17. : LKIF Core: Principled ontology development for the legal domain. , Francesconi, E. ) Law, Ontologies, and the Semantic Web.

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