By Patti M. Valkenburg
The previous a number of many years have witnessed hundreds of thousands of reports into teenagers and the media. but, a lot educational examine remains to be in its infancy in terms of our wisdom concerning the makes use of, personal tastes, and results of other media. This special quantity strikes the sector ahead during this regard, with its insights into the newest theories and examine on youngsters and the media. writer Patti M. Valkenburg explores "screen" media (i.e., tv, motion pictures, video and desktop video games, and the Internet), and focuses her examine at the such a lot basic issues within the research of youngsters and the media. In each one bankruptcy, Valkenburg examines a vital subject on childrens and the media: the influence of media violence, kid's emotional reactions to information and leisure, the meant and unwanted side effects of advertisements, and the makes use of and results of desktop video games and the web. She has established the chapters to supply an outline of latest theories and examine on a selected subject, and vitamins the paintings of others together with her personal ground-breaking study findings. She presents a cautious and even-handed therapy of study in kid's media, and contains present and remarkable stories. As a source for research in kids and media and media psychology, this quantity presents a well timed and thorough exam of the country of conception and examine. it is going to function a necessary reference for students and as an enticing textual content for complex scholars.
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Extra info for Children's Responses to the Screen: A Media Psychological Approach (Lea's Communication Series)
In their early years, children often talk without any intention of communicating. They repeat what they have just heard or simply talk to themselves. Piaget named such talk egocentric. During early and middle childhood, children gradually develop from mainly egocentric beings (roughly 3 years old) into advanced role takers (roughly 12 to 15). Although preschoolers are somewhat capable of putting themselves in another person’s shoes, it is only when children reach elementary school age that they learn to simultaneously consider different points of view and to anticipate and understand how others will react in different situations.
Young children, and boys in particular, can feel irresistibly attracted to the violence in these programs. This can be difficult for parents, because boys who are attracted to this type of program can become restless and aggressive in their play (see chap. 3, this volume). In contemporary families, it is inevitable that the media will occasionally confront children with norms, values, and role models that are in disagreement with those of their parents. Forbidding these programs is often not a suitable remedy because this type of entertainment is ubiquitous.
The children who had seen the violent films were subsequently more aggressive than the children who had seen the neutral films. The effect of the films held particularly for the children who were initially more aggressive. Another type of field experiment is the natural experiment. A well-known natural experiment was published in Canada in the 1980s. In this study by Joy, Kimball, and Zabrack (1986), the researchers compared the aggressive behavior of children who lived in a town without television—Notel—to that of children from two towns with television.