By Eva Nemeth

Caraway, the 7th quantity within the sequence Medicinal and fragrant crops - commercial Profiles, collects jointly the entire current info in reference to the biology, chemistry, agrotechnology and usage of the plant genus Carum. After an outline on all Carum species, it offers normally with th most vital species Carum carvi L. The clinical and monetary value of the genus in addition to impending effects and destiny views are discussed.
Authors from a couple of international locations provide information regarding worthwhile traditions in addition to the main up to date learn effects. Physiological, genetic and agrotechnological specialities of annual and biennial forms of caraway are mentioned seperately. The ebook presents an outline of the anatomical constitution of crucial organs of the plant, and its chemical ingredients. it additionally discusses construction practices together with submit harvest recommendations, caliber standards and usage of the plant's items in pharmacology, and the alimentary and cosmetics industries.
The vast scope of displays illustrated with a number of tables and figures deals very good fabric for scientists, academics and scholars who're drawn to medicinal and fragrant vegetation.

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The concentration of active agents in plants results from their continuous formation and breakdown during plant growth. The total accumulation depends upon the genetic composition of the plant and it varies between genera and species. Within a species itself, altering the environmental and genetic composition will produce different quantities and types of essential oils (Bernáth and Tétényi 1978, Croteau 1986, Franz et al. 1975, Franz et al. 1984, Tétényi 1986). The main ecological factors include light, temperature, wind, water, soil, and nutrients.

Already then the main constituent of this oil was characterized as a compound with molecular formula C10H14O, isomeric with tymol, having similar chemical properties to some constituents of terpentine oil. Although not all of the above statements occurred to be true, the monoterpene was named carvol after the name of the plant it was first isolated from in 1841. Constant development of analytical and isolation methods enabled organic chemists to characterize precisely most of the individual constituents of Carum carvi, the more so still appearing new aspects of its possible application and utilisation stimulated new interests.

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