By Rowan F. Sage, Russell K. Monson

Because of many concerns regarding long term carbon dynamics, a more robust realizing of the biology of C4 photosynthesis is needed by way of greater than the conventional viewers of crop scientists, plant physiologists, and plant ecologists. This paintings synthesizes the most recent advancements in C4 biochemistry, body structure, systematics, and ecology. The ebook concludes with chapters discussing the function of C4 crops sooner or later improvement of the biosphere, fairly their interactive results on soil, hydrological, and atmospheric methods.

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42, 989-997. Tregunna, E. , Smith, B. , Berry, J. , and Downton, W. J. S. (1970). Some methods for studying the photosynthetic taxonomy of Angiosperms. Can. jr. Bot. 48, 1209-1214. , and Sugiyama, T. (1976). Purification and characterisation ofphosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase from maize leaves. Plant Physiol. 57, 906-910. , Burnell, J. , Woodrow, I. , Heldt, H. D. (1988). Metabolite diffusion into bundle sheath cells from C4 plants. Relation to C4 photosynthesis and plasmodesmatal function. Plant Physiol.

Biophys. Biochem. CytoL 25, 605-614. Huber, S. , and Edwards, G. E. (1975). Inhibition of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase from C4 plants by malate and aspartate. Canad. J. Bot. 53, 1925-1933. Huber, S. , and Edwards, G. E. (1977a). Transport in Ca mesophyll chloroplasts. Characterization of the pyruvate cartier. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 462, 583-602. Huber, S. , and Edwards, G. E. (1977b). Transport in C4 mesophyll chloroplasts: Evidence for an exchange of inorganic phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate.

And Benedict, C. R. (1970). Carbon isotope discrimination in a plant possessing the C4 dicarboxylic acid pathway. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 41, 1205-1210. 3 The Biochemistry of C4 Photosynthesis Ryuzi Kanai and Gerald E. Edwards I. Introduction C 4 photosynthesis consists of the coordinated function of two cell types in the leaves, usually designated mesophyll cells (MC) and bundle sheath cells (BSC), because enzymes of the C4 pathway are located separately in these morphologically distinct cell types.

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