By Leslie Heywood, Shari L. Dworkin
The sculpted velocity of Marion Jones. The grit and agility of Mia Hamm. The slam-dunk form of Lisa Leslie. The ability and finesse of those activities figures are generally prominent, not inflicting the puzzlement and soreness directed towards past generations of athletic girls. outfitted to Win explores this particularly fresh phenomenon-the convinced, empowered lady athletes discovered in all places in American pop culture. Leslie Heywood and Shari L. Dworkin research the position of girl athletes via interviews with straight forward- and excessive school-age boys and girls; cautious readings of advert campaigns via Nike, Reebok, and others; discussions of films like struggle membership and Girlfight; and explorations in their personal activities reports. They ask: what, if any, dissonance is there among renowned photos and the particular reports of those athletes? Do those pictures quite "redefine femininity" and give a contribution to a better inclusion of all ladies in game? Are sexualized photos of those girls destructive their quest to be taken heavily? Do they motivate younger boys to recognize and recognize lady athletes, and may this eventually make a distinction within the methods gender and gear are developed and perceived? offering a paradigm shift from moment- to third-wave feminism, Heywood and Dworkin argue that, within the years because the passage of identify IX, gender stereotypes were destabilized in profound methods, they usually assert that woman athletes and their imagery are doing vital cultural paintings as a consequence. very important, fresh, and engrossing, equipped to Win examines game in all its complexity. Leslie Heywood is professor of English at Binghamton collage. She is the writer of beautiful stable for a woman: An Athlete's tale (Minnesota, 2000), Bodymakers (1998), and coeditor of 3rd Wave schedule (Minnesota, 1997). A former tune and cross-country runner who's at the moment a aggressive powerlifter, Heywood is a vice chairman of the Women's activities origin. Shari L. Dworkin is a sociologist and works as a learn fellow on the HIV middle for scientific and Behavioral stories at Columbia college.
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Extra info for Built to Win: The Female Athlete As Cultural Icon (Sport and Culture Series, V. 5)
The 1996 Olympics marked a positive turning point for a number of activist struggles. The American women came through in part because of more industry support and the greater allocation of resources for which feminists have long argued and won gold medals in basketball, soccer, softball, synchronized swimming, and gymnastics, serving as the catalyst for, in the ﬁrst three cases, the later development of women’s professional sport leagues. The women’s 4ϫ100-meter relay team won gold in track, while Amy Van Dyken won four medals in swimming.
The desire for “truth” or “objective” knowledge is therefore seen as resting on a naively representational theory of language that relies on the following mistaken assumptions: ﬁrst, that there is a one-to-one correspondence between signs and their extralinguistic realworld referents; and second, that some kind of intrinsic meaning dwells in those real-world referents, independent of human thought or action. ” Similarly, while quantitative methods could provide “hard” data, Powered Up or Dreaming?
1 The year the women’s gymnastics team and swimmer Amy Van Dyken appeared on Wheaties boxes. ” Despite the fact that 36 percent of the athletes in this Olympics were women, up from 30 percent in 1992, 36 percent still leaves 64 percent of the competitors men. Even worse, there were only seven women among the 106 members of the International Olympic Committee. 3 Like the full implementation of Title IX, it was clear that we still have a long way to go in the achievement of full equality for women athletes.