By I. Atazedeh

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22 Biomass and Remote Sensing of Biomass Fig. 1. Location of the Krušné hory Mts. in the frame of Central Europe 2. , Czech Republic. Compilation of our previous studies was completed with unpublished data. Results from three long-term experiments (table 1) were used for presented study. These experiments were established in substitute stands of common birch (location Fláje I), blue spruce (location Fláje II) and European larch (location Kalek) in 1989, 1996 and 1999, respectively. Experiments consist of partial plots with different thinning regimes but for our study, only control plots without thinning were used.

The Llanos have typical savanna physiognomy consisting of an open tree layer and a continuous herbaceous layer. The ratio of trees to grasses increases with soil water availability during the dry season. The Cerrado vegetation occupies more than 2 million km2 in the central part of South America with formations ranging from open shrub savanna (campo sujo), through open savanna (campo cerrado) to tree dominated savanna (cerrado sensu stricto). A major threat to South American savannas is conversion to croplands with most of it in the Brazilian Cerrados.

And the questions are: Is it possible to remove aboveground biomass for chipping (with respect to their effects of forest environment, especially in these heavily disturbed localities)? Presented chapter focuses on the results from above-ground biomass investigation in the substitute stands of blue spruce, European larch and birch located in the Krušné hory Mts. Study was completed with the results of investigation of quantity and quality of forest-floor (humus) horizons and litter-fall under these stands.

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