By Alan Scragg

Explores the construction of biofuels as possible choices to fossil fuels, concentrating on the technological matters. This textbook considers each one form of biofuel in construction, overlaying the advantages and issues of creation and use and the opportunity of organic fabric to supply enough strength for the world's population.

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5. Predicted temperature increases if carbon dioxide emissions are not restricted. ) and drought. Thus, it can be concluded that ‘the balance of evidence suggests that there is discernable human influence on global climate’ (IPCC, 2007). 5 m which will directly affect people living in low-lying areas such as the delta regions of Egypt, China and Bangladesh where 6 million people live below the 1 m contour. 6°C (Fig. 5). 05°C. Ice and snow cover decreased by 10% in 1960–2001. 2 m in 1900–2000. More frequent changes in the El Niño currents in 1970–2000.

World sources of greenhouse gases. ) However, it was not until 1938 that G. Callender showed for the first time that the world’s temperature was increasing and, in 1957, that carbon dioxide could be the cause. In 1965, the US government first looked into the connection between atmospheric carbon dioxide increases and the burning of fossil fuels, which was confirmed at the 1979 World Climate Conference in Geneva. Consequences of Burning Fossil Fuel 21 A panel of experts was asked to study the effect of greenhouse gases on climate change by the United Nations.

10. 5 Gt carbon dioxide emissions in the world by sectors. ) 28 Chapter 2 Carbon dioxide (ppm) Predicted 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2100 Year Fig. 11. Present and predicted increase in global carbon dioxide. ) 100 90 80 70 (%) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 TPES Oil Coal CO2 Gas Renewables Fig. 12. The world’s sources of energy and their carbon dioxide emissions. TPES: total primary energy supply. 8% of fossil fuel reserves. If the target is 750 ppm, an increase of 350 ppm, this would be equal to 66 PgC (19%) (Glasby, 2006).

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