By Orna Kenan

Serious examine of the Holocaust started past due in Israel, rising progressively within the latter a part of the Sixties. This e-book examines the hyperlink among heritage and reminiscence in shaping Israel’s historiography of the Holocaust interval within the 20 years instantly following the Holocaust (1945–1961). in the course of that point, 3 teams developed in Israel as a result of quick catastrophic earlier: the pro historians in Eretz Yisrael, the Jewish ghetto opponents and partisans, and the "ordinary" survivors. those teams have been formed through various reports and conceptions, and even though those teams differed notably, their interplay inside of Israel contributed to shaping and build Israel’s realization of the Holocaust.

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Extra resources for Between memory and history: the evolution of Israeli historiography of the Holocaust, 1945-1961

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Qxd 5/16/2003 9:29 AM Page 13 IN THE YISHUV ) 13 Criticism of the “ordinary” survivors’ Galut mentality and fear of the “unruly” and combatant spirit of the Jewish fighters stemmed, in part, from the Yishuv veterans’ attempts to forge a collective national character and a homogeneous collective memory, based on their interpretation of Zionist goals and aspirations. But it also derived from the veterans’ own partisan squabbling over the social construct and the political credo of the Yishuv. The disputes between the Yishuv leadership and its delegates in Europe and between the survivors over “unity” versus political separation and sectarianism, a dispute that was initiated, as mentioned, by the Jewish fighters drive for unity, clearly illustrates the widening gulf between the two worlds.

Those who survived, survived by a miracle. We set listening for hours fascinated by their stories. 38 The arrival to Eretz Yisrael of some of the more charismatic and outspoken leaders of the Jewish fighters (Ruzka Korczak and Abba Kovner in 1945, Zivia Lubetkin in 1946, Yitzhak “Antek” Zuckerman in 1947) only widened the gulf between the heroic image of the ghetto fighters and the partisans and the image of the “ordinary” survivors in general. ”42 The arrival of Ruzka Korczak to Palestine in 1945 and, a year later, the publication of her book, Lehavot Ba-efer (“Flames amidst the Ashes”), greatly perpetuated the Jewish-fighters’ heroic image.

As this and following chapters will demonstrate, Zionist collective memory in the Yishuv and, later, in the state of Israel represented the political elite’s construction of the past, serving its ideological goals and promoting its political agenda. Inspired by the nationalist credo that called for a revival of national culture and life in the ancient Jewish homeland, the Yishuv constructed a negative image of the exilic past, an image which served as a necessary counter-model to the two national periods, the one experienced in the pre-exilic period, in biblical times, and the one beginning to take shape in Eretz Yisrael.

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