By Mohamed Sami Anwar
The amount makes an attempt to house equational sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic and their distant constitution. during this distinct monograph Mohamed Sami Anwar oes to teach that equational sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic are derived from underlying sentences that experience transitive or intransitive verbs and that the verb be in its overt shape is barely a annoying marker. The bankruptcy following the advent offers with the equational sentences functioning as conveyers of stative rules. The 3rd bankruptcy offers with the verb be in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic and the way it features simply as a annoying marker. The fourth bankruptcy is an research of selection as regards the topic and why from time to time the predicate, on the floor constitution, has to take place prior to the topic. the ultimate bankruptcy offers with the predicate slot and its forms of fillers, and analyzes additionally the distant constitution of the equational sentences to interpret the phenomenon of the presence and lack of contract in quantity and gender among the topic and the predicate.
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Extra info for Be and Equational Sentences in Egyptian Colloquial Arabic
The phrase wi miši 'and left' used with the past tense of the verb in sentence (56) cannot be used with the participle in sentence (57): (58) * huwwa ḥāḍir (fi)ddars wi miši. * he present (in) the lesson and left. ' To form the participle used in sentence to be marked "Present". (57) the tree has (The term "present" is used as defined at the beginning of this chapter and in the sense of being "unrestrictive" as defined by Leech in Chapter II. ) I will use the tree in (52) above but with the auxil iary node marked "present".
3. Pronominalization of S0. 4. Participle formation. ism lana 'naming name I Sāmi. ' This intermediate output can be manipulated in two ways. The first is to apply participle deletion and then posses sion formation to get: (92) a. ismī Sāmi. ' The second is to apply possession formation first to get: (92) b. ism Sami. ana Sāmi. ' I (am) Sami. And if someone changes his name, the auxiliary node can be marked past or future to yield sentences (84)a and b. The input in this case will be sentence (93) above.
I wish that he be here. a mabșūț lamma huwwa yibPa mudarris. I be happy when he be a teacher. 'I will be happy when he becomes a teacher. ' It is worth noting here that in some of these sentences a full verb can be used instead of the verb be . a in sentence yitxarrag (96), the full verbs yištagal 'to graduate', yitwaẓẓaf 'become' 'to work', 'to be employed (as)' can be used. (97) a. huwwa ʕāwiz yištagal mudarris. 'he wants to work (as) a t e a c h e r . ' b. huwwa ʕāwiz yitxarrag 'he wants to graduate c.