By Maria Grazia Lancellotti

This quantity offers with the determine of Attis. The paintings goals to re-evaluate the legendary and cultic information regarding this personality, attempting to offer evidence of the methods of "construction" and "reconstruction" that experience contributed to the moulding of the various sorts of Attis that constructed because of quite a few calls for inside of diverse spiritual traditions. After an advent concerning the background of the stories, the 1st half examines the oldest proof on Attis, resorting to comparability with spiritual traditions prior to or modern with Phrygian tradition. the second one half tackles the classical international and collects the weather of continuity and of innovation in recognize of Asianic non secular traditions. The 3rd half analyses the matter of the tactics of reinterpretation of the normal cults that either the "pagan" philosophers and the fathers of the Church effected. The hyperlink among Attis and demise is mentioned within the fourth half.

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Extra resources for Attis: Between Myth and History: King, Priest and God

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Water)". \v'ta nUllav, and the names nalla~ and na1lta~ "se rattachent a un hypocoristique du nom du pere" (Drew-Bear Naour 1990, p. 2018; cf. also Brixhe - Drew-Bear 1982, p. 83 n. 45). , Adv. nat. V 6). It is possible that the custom in Lydia of calling handsome young men "Attis" is proof of the reverse process to the one described by Amobius, which is that from a mythical young and handsome Attis, the name then became an adjective for good-looking boys (cf. ). 3. Attis in Phrygia: between kingship and priesthood In his excursus on the members of the Lydia royal list, Talamo states that Attis is "una figura frigia che, con ogni probabilita non ha precedenti ittiti.

1; Huxley 1959; Lejeune 1979; De Graaf 1989; Cassola 1997, pp. 145-146. Cf. also Drews 1993. 110 For example, cf. Ugarit and Phoenicia. On the problem cf. most recently Merlo - Xella 2001. THE ROOTS OF THE MYTH 37 - belongs to Greek culture and cannot be uncritically ascribed to other cultural contexts"'. The fact that it is to Midas, a Phrygian king whose historicity no longer seems in doubt, that the monument of Yazlhkaya II 2 is dedicated specifically by a certain Ates, seems to indicate, at least in that case, the possibility of "heroising""3 the king Il4 .

145 n. 61. 107 Both in his 1977 monograph and in CCCA, Vermaseren only comments on the part of the inscription concerning Midas and does not mention Ates at all (Vermaseren 1977, p. 20 and Vermaseren 1977-1989, I, p. 58 n. 168). As Frazer had correctly noted (see the following note), the name in question belongs undeniably to the same class of Lallnamen to which Attis and Atys also belong and can be considered as variants. Cf. , 2. Der bekannte GN "A't'tTJ~, "A'tn~ gehort selbst zu dieser Lallnamensippe" (Zgusta 1964, p.

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