By Haruhiko Kuroda
The Asian improvement Outlook 2011 replace expects constructing Asia to maintain its powerful progress over the following 2 years, regardless of the tepid outlook for the U.S., the eurozone, and Japan. The zone could be buttressed via fit family call for and buoyant intraregional exchange. handling inflation should be a key concentration for coverage makers, to permit for inclusive progress. Such development comprises the aged, who're all too usually left at the back of as Asia's conventional kin networks weaken. because the aged will shape an ever-larger percentage of the region's inhabitants over the following couple of a long time, states should confirm their fiscal security---and meet the broader fiscal implications for society.
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Additional info for Asian Development Outlook 2011 Update: Preparing for Demographic Transition
The large weight of food and energy in the region’s consumption baskets further underscores the focus on headline inflation. Challenges to monetary policy The set of policy options that can curb inflation pressures and influence economic activity is rich. Most developed economies attempt to control inflation by setting targets for a specific short-term interest rate. Openmarket operations between the central bank and private banks lead to injections or reductions of liquidity in the banking sector.
Thailand: 15% tax on interest income and capital gains earned by foreign investors (October 2010). Minimum investment periods Increase incentives to invest in longer-term assets Reduces but does not eliminate the ﬂow Indonesia: One-month minimum holding period for central bank money market certiﬁcates (June 2010); extended the holding period for central bank money market certiﬁcates to 6 months from 1 month eﬀective 13 May 2011. Quantitative limits Allow direct control of how much capital is let in Allocation and monitoring of allowance can be diﬃcult China, People’s Rep.
Philippines Extended zero tariﬀ on milling wheat up to July 2011. Taipei, China Reduced import duty on seven food staples by up to 50%, 10 February–10 August 2011. Viet Nam Reduced import duties for reﬁned and raw sugar to 15% on April 2011. Source: ADB staﬀ compilation. Given the problems that even well-resourced central banks in advanced economies face in explaining an inflation target for core inflation rather than headline inflation, central banks in emerging economies may prefer formulating their inflation objectives in terms of headline inflation for the sake of greater transparency and easier communication.