By Laura Svetaz, Marcos Derita, Ma. Victoria Rodríguez, Agustina Postigo (auth.), Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh, Mahendra Rai (eds.)

The aim of this e-book is to supply crucial details at the use of alternative medicinal vegetation and their secondary metabolites for the therapy of assorted fungal illnesses affecting humans, animals and crops. it really is divided in 4 elements: half I examines the worldwide distribution of plant-derived antifungal compounds, half II bargains with antifungal actions of plant metabolites, half III comprises vegetation utilized in Ayurveda and standard platforms for treating fungal ailments, and half IV discusses using plant-derived items to guard vegetation opposed to fungal diseases.

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Oxysporum Affected fungi C. sativus A. 5 %) Aqueous extract Methanolic extract Essential oil Aqueous extract Methanolic extract Effective component (s) 2 Antifungal Plants of Iran 43 44 M. Razzaghi-Abyaneh et al. Fig. 1 Electron microscopic study of A. niger grown on PDB with or without M. chamomilla flower essential oil (EO; 1,000 lg/ml) after 96-h incubation at 28 °C. Transmission electron micrographs (TEM) of control (untreated) fungal mycelia (a) show uniform hypha with normal septum, walls, and organelles, while TEM of EO-treated sample (b) indicates deformation of hyphae and massive destruction of cellular organelles.

Besides the routine use in food industry as aromatic and flavoring agents, they have received major consideration due to their antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal properties (Sharafzadeh and Alizadeh 2012). Methanolic extracts of aerial parts of S. khuzistanica showed strong inhibitory activity toward the growth of C. albicans and A. niger with MICs of 1–8 mg/ml (Amanlou et al. 2004). Essential oil of aerial parts of S. bachtiarica is found to be effectively inhibiting cell growth of C.

2011) A. niger C. 3–1,100 lg/ml-MICs Omranpour et al. (2011) Reference A. niger Yazdani et al. (2009) C. albicans M. canis T. mentagrophytes E. floccosum C. albicans Gohari et al. (2009) A. 1 %) Rosmarinic acid (from ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts) Methanolic extract Methanolic extract Effective component (s) 2 Antifungal Plants of Iran 37 Family Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam. Satureja hortensis Marzeh (KhoramabadLorestan) Satureja Khuzistanica Jamzad. 1 (continued) A. parasiticus C. albicans C.

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