By Mohamed S. El-Aasser (auth.), Françoise Candau, Ronald H. Ottewill (eds.)

The development of curiosity within the topic of Polymer Colloids over the past twenty 5 years or so has been very huge ensuing now in significant foreign meetings on an annual foundation and plenty of nationwide ones besides. The curiosity stems not just from the wide variety of functions of those fabrics but additionally from a interest as to the mechanism of formation and their turning out to be use as version debris to enquire primary elements of physics and chemistry. In July 1988 a NATO complex learn Institute used to be held in Strasbourg, France, on the Centre St. Thomas. As an instructional advent to this I nstitute a chain of 8 lectures used to be given to hide the elemental facets of the topic. those 8 lectures have now been compiled into an Introductory textual content overlaying, emulsion poly­ merization, dispersion polymerization, inverse emulsion polymerization, the morphology of copolymer latices, the colloidal homes of latices, characterization equipment and rheology. it truly is was hoping that those will serve a large viewers, undergraduates, graduate-students and examine employees, either in and academe. The chapters all include overview fabric brand new on the time of ebook. fhe 1988 NATO complicated research I nstitute was once made attainable through a furnish from the NATO-AS I programme and the subsequent businesses: BASF, Ludwigshafen, West Germany The Dow Chemical corporation, Michigan, united states Dow Chemical Rheinwerk GmbH, Rheinmunster, West Germany ICI PLC, Runcorn, England S. C. Johnson and Son Inc., Racine, united states NORSOLOR, Verneuil en Halatte, France Rhone Poulenc, Aubervilliers, France.

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Most of the early work (4) used aliphatic hydrocarbons as the dispersion medium. Recently, considerable interest (5-81 has been generated in using more polar solvents as the contmuous phase which 35 F. Candau and R. H. ), An Introduction to Polymer Colloids, 35-72. © 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 36 markedly increases the range of monomers that can be polymerized using this method. It has also been found possible to prepare particles up to 15 IJm diameter (9) in a single reaction. This is not possible using emulsion polymerization.

Furthermore, the kinetics of particle formation change dramatically (21) as the amount of carbon tetrachloride in the reaction medium is increased. The reaction kinetics will be discussed in more detail in Section 4. Here we draw the important conclusion that the solvency of the dispersion medium plays a crucial role in determining the particle size of the latex that is formed. The effect of the solvency of the dispersion medium on the final particle size in polar media has been published by Lok and Ober (6) and by Paine (18).

21. 22. 23. in Industry", Consultants Bureau, New York, 1981. , New York, 1982. Marten, Land Hamielec, A. Series, 1979, 104, 43. W. H. W. 67, M. Nijhoff, The Hague, 1983, 140. C. , 1982, 20, 1299;1315;1330;1345. H. Reichert, and W. Geisler, Huthig and Wepf, Heidelberg, 1986, 275. J. , Macromolecules, 1981, 14, 1501; 1982, 459. , 1947, ~ 217. , 1948, l§. (6),592. , 1968, ~ 20. , 1963, g, 741. , in Vinyl Polymerization II, Ed. E. Ham, Dekker, New York, 1969, 210. E. , 1965, ~ 156. , 1968, g, 623;643;665; 687;2853;2859; and 1971, ~ 2763.

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