By Norbert M. Samuelson

The booklet is split into 3 sections. the 1st presents a normal ancient evaluate for the Jewish notion that follows. the second one summarizes the range of simple varieties of renowned, optimistic Jewish dedication within the 20th century. The 3rd and significant part summarizes the elemental considered these glossy Jewish philosophers whose notion is technically the easiest and/or the main influential in Jewish highbrow circles. The Jewish philosophers lined comprise Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Hermann Cohen, Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Mordecai Kaplan, and Emil Fackenheim.

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Title. II. Series. S25 1989 296'. 01dc1988-15379 CIP To all my students at Temple University (1975-1987), in appreciation of their enthusiasm, constructive criticism, and devotion in studying earlier drafts of this text. CONTENTS Introduction ix Part I Historical Background 1. Migrations from Spain and the Popularization of Kabbalah 3 2. Emancipation and Its Consequences 20 3. Settlement in America 29 4. The Holocaust and the State of Israel 48 Part II Popular Expressions of Modern Judaism Introduction to Part II 63 5.

The third section summarizes the basic thought of those modern Jewish philosophers whose thought is technically the best and/or the most influential in Jewish intellectual circles. Past experience has shown me that students without any background in Judaism desire guidance to know what to emphasize. To meet thin request I conclude each chapter with a list of key names, terms, and questions, Because this text merely summarizes at the most general level the history behind and the thought of only the most important modern Jewish philosophers, I am inclined to want the students to know everything However since I expect them to prepare one chapter for every class session and I realize that there are limits on how much even the best students can absorb in a short period of time, I have restricted each list to a maximum of twenty entries.

Lecture Five, pp. 156-204. 2. In the face of attacks against them the Jewish community usually prayed and either bribed or fled from its enemies. 3. Saloniki is located in what is now Greece, but at that time it was part of the Ottoman Empire. Key Names Abraham Abulafia, Hayim Vital Calabrese, HASIDIM*, Isaac Luria, Israel Baal Shem Tov (the Besht), Israel Sarug, Jacob Leibovicz gPage 17 (= Jacob Frank), Kalonymus family, Moses Ben Jacob Cordovera, Merkabah Mysticism, Moses Ben Shemtob de Leon of Quadelarjara, Nathan Benjamin Levi, The Pale of Settlement, SEFER HA-OT, SEFER HASIDIM *, Shabbatai Zevi, Safed, SHA'ARE KEDUSHAH, Simeon Ben Yohai, Zohar.

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