By Richard Alan Jr. Fuhr

The foremost to a balanced and exact knowing of the e-book of Ecclesiastes lies within the inter-dependent relationships among the widespread motifs in the ebook. An research of the Inter-Dependency of the trendy Motifs in the e-book of Qohelet explores this dynamic. the ultimate end result of such an technique is a wisdom-based paradigm for dwelling «under the sun», a smart man’s method of residing in a fallen global. Qohelet’s conclusions are two-fold and balanced. First, in mild of the truth that existence is fleeting, dying is inevitable, and one’s destiny lies open air of the area of human regulate, the clever will take pleasure in lifestyles as a present from God, spotting that pleasure is eventually a accountability and a mandate positioned upon them. moment, in gentle of the truth that lifestyles is fleeting, loss of life is inevitable, and God’s enigmatic methods on the earth are bound to be via an equitable destiny judgment, the clever will worry God and hold his commandments. as a result, the clever human being will take pleasure in existence yet now not get pleasure from sin, residing every day to its fullest yet in sobriety, realizing that for all our activities there's a coming judgment. this is often the knowledge of Ecclesiastes.

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By this allusion to nonbiblical history the Targum creates a legend that Solomon abdicated his throne in his old age, thus allowing for a period in which he could claim kingship in the past tense. See Longman, Ecclesiastes, 5. 76 As for the internally based arguments against Solomonic authorship, these too have been explained in favor of a pre-exilic origin by exploring the use of literary technique within the text. 78 As for reflections critical of royal behavior, there 73 Of course, Jebusite kings ruled in Jerusalem prior to David or Solomon, but it would seem equally strange for Solomon to compare himself in wisdom to the pagan rulers who were hostile to the people and to the God of Israel.

9 Jenni and Westermann, Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament, vol. 1 (Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson, 1997), 351. 10 Ibid. Of course the concept of a “negative connotation” is highly interpretive. Furthermore, the “precise nature of the negative connotation intended results only from the context”: possible connotations include “unstable” (Ps 62:10), “transitory” (Ps 144:4), “useless, vain” (Eccl 2:11), to “senseless, nonsense, bad” (Eccl 6:2). 11 Ibid. 12 D. C. Fredericks, “lbh,” NIDOTTE, 1003–005.

See Meyers, Table in the Mist, 19. 84 In dealing with the issue of genre, most scholars accept that Qohelet should be classified as a form of Hebrew wisdom literature. However, the precise nature of that wisdom, as well as the literary techniques employed within Qohelet’s particular brand of wisdom remains debatable. ” The problem is such that Provan states the dilemma in terms that disallow Solomonic authorship aside from issues of date and integrity, but rather, in terms of genre: “Even if the speaker were Solomon (which he probably is not), the speaker is assuredly not the author of the book as it has been passed on to us.

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