By Neil Schlager, Jayne Weisblatt

This three-volume set introduces researchers to concerns surrounding either present strength assets and substitute power concepts. whereas there's major dialogue of the non-renewable assets now used to fulfill nearly all of the world's power wishes (oil, coal and average gas), the first concentration of the set is on more recent recommendations to satisfy the ever-growing call for. those recommendations comprise wind and solar power, gas cells, hydropower, geothermal strength and biomass strength. moreover, extra theoretical assets also are explored, together with chilly fusion, 0 aspect strength and common forces. Entries speak about the technology in the back of the strength resource, remarkable scientists and clinical discoveries, present examples of use, and the problems, demanding situations and stumbling blocks to large-scale use. prepared alphabetically by way of access identify.

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The city is famous for pollution. ª Andrew Holbrooke/Corbis. is reflected back into space. When greenhouse gases get into the atmosphere, they act like the walls of a greenhouse, holding the heat in so that it cannot escape back to space. Ordinarily, this would be a good thing, because life on Earth depends on keeping some of the sun’s heat on the surface. Since the industrial revolution, however, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has increased. The amount of carbon dioxide has increased 30 percent; the amount of methane has increased 100 percent; and the amount of nitrous oxide has risen 15 percent.

The ancient Mesopotamians in what is now Iraq may have discovered a way to use oil about five thousand years ago. Historians believe that people first used petroleum as oil for lighting, dipping wood in it and setting it on fire as a torch. Ancient Greeks and Romans used coal as a fuel for heat and cooking. Ancient temples sometimes had eternal flames, which may have been powered by natural gas leaking up from the ground. In the British Isles coal began to be used in the late thirteenth century, and it was the dominant fuel in London by 1600.

The ancient Mesopotamians in what is now Iraq may have discovered a way to use oil about five thousand years ago. Historians believe that people first used petroleum as oil for lighting, dipping wood in it and setting it on fire as a torch. Ancient Greeks and Romans used coal as a fuel for heat and cooking. Ancient temples sometimes had eternal flames, which may have been powered by natural gas leaking up from the ground. In the British Isles coal began to be used in the late thirteenth century, and it was the dominant fuel in London by 1600.

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