By Harry Bunt, William Black
Language is usually generated and interpreted in a undeniable context, and the semantic, syntactic, and lexical houses of linguistic expressions mirror this. Interactive language realizing platforms, resembling language-based discussion platforms, for that reason need to follow contextual info to interpret their inputs and to generate acceptable outputs, yet are in perform very bad at this. This ebook encompasses a variety of reviews in Computational Pragmatics, the newly rising box of research of ways contextual info might be successfully dropped at endure in language realizing and iteration. a number of the chapters focus on the conceptual, formal and computational modeling of context commonly, of the appropriate ideals of debate members particularly, and of the reasoning that could be utilized to narrate linguistic phenomena to points of the discussion context.
These matters are mentioned either from a theoretical perspective and with regards to their roles in prototypical language knowing systems.
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Additional info for Abduction, Belief and Context in Dialogue: Studies in computational pragmatics
Logic and Conversation (from the Willaim James Lectures, Harvard University, 1967). In P. Cole and J. ). Syntax and Semantics 3: Speech Acts New York: Academic Press. Grosz, B. and S. Kraus (1996). Collaborative plans for complex group action. Artificial Intelligence 86 (2), 269-357. Grosz, B. and Sidner, C. (1986). Attention, intention and the structure of dis course. Computational Linguistics 12, 175-204. , W. Black, J. Gallagher and T. Wachtel (1993). Abduction for Pronoun Resolution. Proc.
This design has been developed and implemented in a pro totype system. Several components of the PLUS system have been reused in the D E N K system (Bunt et al. 1998), which was built with the aim to construct a generic cooperative multimodal user interface, combining natural language with other modalities, in particular with direct manipulation of objects in a visual representation of the domain of discourse. The D E N K system uses a refined version of the ULF language (Kievit 1996) for the intermediate semantic representation of English dialogue utterances, computed by an HPSG parser, and uses a context-driven interpretation process resulting in disambiguated representations in the logically powerful formalism of type theory.
Recently other, more sophisticated underspecification techniques have been defined in Discourse Representa tion Theory (Reyle 1983), in the TENDUM dialogue project (Bunt et al. 1984); in the multimodal D E N K project (Kievit 1998), and in the Verbmobil translation project (Bos et al. 1994; Pinkal 1999). Underspecified semantic representations form a powerful concept that is promising for developing effective processes of computing contextual utter ance meanings, that construct a bridge between computational pragmatics and computational semantics.