By Renato Constantino

Unlike different traditional histories, the unifying thread of A background of the Philippines is the fight of the peoples themselves opposed to a variety of varieties of oppression, from Spanish conquest and colonization to U.S. imperialism. Constantino presents a penetrating research of the efficient family members and sophistication constitution within the Philippines, and the way those have shaped―and been formed by―the position of the Filipino humans within the making in their personal heritage. also, he demanding situations the dominant perspectives of Spanish and U.S. historians through exposing the myths and prejudices propagated of their paintings, and, in doing so, makes an incredible step forward towards highbrow decolonization. This publication is an indispensible key to the heritage of conquest and resistance within the Philippine.

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Extra resources for A History of the Philippines: From the Spanish Colonization to the Second World War

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The industry currently employs more than one million Indians, with that figure expected to rise to more than two million by 2008 and a further two million or so benefiting through indirect employment. When this is added to the trend towards large-scale outsourcing, whereby call centres attached to Western companies move offshore to India, the scale of the revolution in India’s once-ramshackle economy starts to become apparent. In 2006 outsourcing was a very healthy US$10 billion industry, a figure that is forecast to more than double by 2010.

Those who refused were immediately marched off to prison. The following morning, the soldiers of the garrison rebelled, shot their officers and marched to Delhi. Of the 74 Indian battalions of the Bengal army, seven (one of them Gurkhas) remained loyal, 20 were disarmed and the other 47 mutinied. The soldiers and peasants rallied around the ageing Great Mughal in Delhi, but there was never any clear idea of what they hoped to achieve. They held Delhi for four months and besieged the British Residency in Lucknow for five months before they were finally suppressed and the local nawab deposed.

Confidence-building measures – the re-opening of cross-border transport links, an Indian decision to withdraw a small number of troops and Pakistan’s softening of its rhetoric – had helped to calm the situation, and despite two recent train bombings on Indian soil, both the Indian and Pakistani governments vowed not to let these terrorist attacks jeopardise ongoing peace talks. And yet, both India and Pakistan see Kashmir as an inalienable part of their territory. The longterm viability of any substantive agreement will ultimately depend upon the extent to which the leaders of India and Pakistan can carry their countries along with them, for Kashmir has become a cause célèbre and a matter of intense national pride among both populations.

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