By Isaac Husik

Matters: Philosophy, Jewish Notes: this can be an OCR reprint. there's a variety of typos or lacking textual content. There are not any illustrations or indexes. should you purchase the final Books variation of this ebook you get loose trial entry to Million-Books.com the place you could choose between greater than 1000000 books at no cost. you may as well preview the publication there.

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In the meantime one is left without a guide. Besides not everybody's reason is adequate to discover truth. Some are altogether incapable of this difKcult task, and many more are exposed to harassing doubts and perplexities which hinder their progress. 50 The most important fact of religion is the existence of God. We know it from the Bible, and we must now prove it by reason. The proof is necessarily indirect because no one of us has seen God, nor have we an immediate certainty of his existence.

38 Some of these are identical with those of Saadia. Saadia, however, is not interested in pure metaphysics as such. His purpose is decidedly apologetic in the defence of Judaism and Jewish dogma. Hence we look in vain in his book for definite views on the constitution of existing substances, on the nature of motion, on the meaning of cause, and so on. We get a glimpse-of his attitude to some of these questions in an incidental way. The Mutakallimun were opposed to the Aristotelian theory of matter and form, and substituted for it the atomic theory.

But composition implies a time when the composition took place. In other words, the parts must have been there first and somebody put them together. 53 A special form of composition, which is universal, is that of substance and accident. Plants and animals are born (or sprout), grow and decay. These manifestations are the accidents of the plant or animal's substance. The heavenly bodies have various motions, lights and colors as their accidents. But these accidents are not eternal, since they come and go.

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