By Earl R. Mac Cormac
During this booklet, Earl Mac Cormac offers an unique and unified cognitive concept of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon facts from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this conception for which means and fact with particular consciousness to metaphor as a speech act, the enduring which means of metaphor, and the advance of a four-valued approach of fact. a number of examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are awarded and analyzed to help Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive idea of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation--metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies those through studying metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom method within which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the unconventional thought that every one use of language is metaphorical; in spite of the fact that, this argument additionally acknowledges that the "theory of metaphor may perhaps itself be metaphorical.The publication first considers the computational metaphor frequently followed via cognitive psychology for example of metaphor requiring research. not like 3 recognized philosophical theories of metaphor - the stress concept, the controversion conception, and the grammatical deviance conception - it develops a semantical anomaly conception of metaphor in response to a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of that means, together with discussions of speech acts and the good judgment of fuzzy units. This semantical idea of rationalization is then proven to be appropriate with modern psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the dept of Philosophy, Davidson university. A Bradford publication.
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Extra info for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
In the development of a knowledge process that includes interaction between individuals and their environment, I hope to develop a theory of metaphor that accounts for literal expression, allows for individual creativity, and yet acknowledges that the meaning of metaphors depends largely on context. The circularity of self-reference between metaphor and cognition can be overcome only by appeal to the objectivity of the external world. My preliminary intuition finds metaphor as a mediating device among mind, brain, and the external world; a metatheory of metaphor that seeks to explain the nature and meaning of metaphor inevitably will presume elements from all three.
I have noted that in examining the computational metaphor we face a possible paradox; the theory of metaphor that is described in this book is itself grounded in a theory of cognition that presumably can be expressed only metaphorically. I have hinted that by differentiating between a theory and a metatheory paradoxes of self-reference may be avoided. But I have to do more than that, for I also want to avoid the commitment to a view that all language is metaphorical and that one can easily identify literal language, even though grounded in a cognitive process.
This indeed brings about a most peculiar state of affairsa hypothetical theory or speculative poetical insight can become true not through the confirmation of experience but through continued expression of a metaphor. Through continued misuse, tension lowers, truth increases, and the utterance becomes grammatical. 6 Truth and grammatical deviance become functions of emotional tension. When tension disappears, truth and proper grammar appear. 11] page_28 < previous page page_28 next page > Page 28 familiar and still remain hypothetical.