By Norman J. Rosenberg

The North American nice Plains is a big international breadbasket yet its agriculture is under pressure by means of drought, warmth, harmful winds, soil erosion and declining floor water assets. Biomass creation and processing at the Plains might in part restoration a perennial vegetative hide and create employment possibilities. This e-book explores the chance that the ecology and economic climate of the Plains zone, and comparable areas, would get advantages from the creation of perennial biomass crops.

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Additional resources for A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains: Toward Sustainable Land Use and Mitigation of Greenhouse Warming (Advances in Global Change Research)

Example text

In one study of climatic requirements for wheat production Nuttonson (1966, Table 1, p. 9) found that yearround climates of the Northern Plains from Langdon, North Dakota at 48°55′N to Dodge City, Kansas at 37°45′N are closely mimicked in their annual, warmest month and coldest month maximum, minimum, and mean temperatures, in annual relative humidity and in annual precipitation and its seasonal distributions at locations ranging from western Siberia, central Asia to the Lower Volga region of Russia, the Ukraine, and Turkey.

Thus we say that the western Plains lie in the “rainshade” of the Rockies. Still a fourth source of air sometimes dominates the Plains, air warmed over the southwestern deserts of the USA and northern Mexico. Frequent outbursts of warm, dry air in spring and summer from this and other sources create a strong evaporative stress on crops growing in the region. 1. Air masses, fronts and precipitation Rapid changes in the temperature, humidity, cloudiness, windspeed, and wind direction that occur frequently in the Great Plains are due to the passage of air masses with different characteristics: where two or more air masses meet fronts are formed.

A mollisol profile is shown in Figure 2-7. Alfisols are scattered through central Texas and Oklahoma and the Panhandle regions of these states, as well as in northeastern New Mexico and southeastern Colorado with a scattering of these soils in western South Dakota as well. In the Great Plains most of these soils support cropping or grazing. Entisols are prominent in a cluster on the eastern plains of Montana, Wyoming and Colorado, western South Dakota, and north to south-central Nebraska. These soils are generally used as range or pasture.

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