By Jean-Sébastien Rey

This quantity involves an version, a translation and a observation of an important fragments of 4QInstruction. at the beginning it offers with the linguistic features of the scroll highlighting the hyperlinks among 4QInstruction and Ben Sira, and in addition with the neighborhood Rule and the Hodayot. It then investigates the Sapiential fragments facing poverty, husband-wife and parent-child relationships. ultimately it examines the eschatological fragments. The paintings seeks to enhance the version and figuring out of this basic textual content improving our wisdom of the background and improvement of considering at Qumran. additionally, it examines hyperlinks which 4QInstruction establishes among only Sapiential discourse and outlines of eschatological judgement. This research considerably illuminates our knowing of the knowledge circulate within the early intertestamental interval.

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Additional info for 4QInstruction : sagesse et eschatologie (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah) (French Edition)

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13 ‫ « למלאכי קודש‬les anges saints » l. 16 ‫ « ימים ותהומות‬les mers et les abîmes » ll. 21–27 Le motif de l’écriture : « (21) Voilà (ce que) j’ai su grâce à ton intelligence, car tu as révélé (à) mes oreilles (‫ )גליתה אוזני‬tes secrets merveilleux (‫)לרזי פלא‬. Moi, le modelage d’argile et la pétrissure d’eau, (22) le concert d’ignominie et la fontaine de souillure, le creuset de perversion et la bâtisse de péché, l’esprit de divagation, perverti sans (23) intelligence, et effrayé par les jugements de justice, que dirai-je qui ne soit connu ?

Il n’est pas nécessaire de reprendre le détail de toutes ces études. Nous mentionnerons juste les monographies les plus importantes publiées ces dix dernières années : E. J. C. Tigchelaar, D. F. Jefferies, M. J. Goff et surtout la récente thèse de B. G. Wold dont D. J. Harrington n’a pas pu tenir compte. En 2001, E. J. C. Tigchelaar a publié une monographie intitulée To Increase Learning for the Understanding Ones. Reading & Reconstructing the Fragmentary Early Jewish Sapiential Text 4QInstruction.

Dans la première partie, l’auteur propose une réédition de l’ensemble des fragments. Il met en valeur de nouveaux recoupements entre les différentes copies et améliore certaines lectures des éditeurs. Il propose également une reconstruction de l’ensemble du rouleau. Dans la ———— Si 8,18[A] ; 12,11[A]. A. A. Di Lella (1987, p. 10) date la publication du Siracide aux alentours de 180 av. -C. ; sur l’histoire de la composition de 1 En cf. G. W. E. Nickelsburg, 2001. 20 D. J. Harrington, 2006, pp. 105–124.

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